The Changing University: How Increased Demand for Scientists and Technology is Transforming Academic Institutions Internationally
Dorothy Shore Zinberg
Springer Science & Business Media, May 31, 1991 - Reference - 182 pages
This collection of papers was written for a NATO Advanced Research Workshop held at Harvard University in March 1990. The title, "The Changing University and the Education of Scientists and Engineers: An International Workshop," broad as it is, does not convey the sweep of data, infonnation, opinions, and suggestions for future research and policy choices that were crowded into two-and-a-half days of fonnal presentations, mealtime discussions, and teatime chats. The proposal for the workshop grew out of a research project I had carried out that explored the policies governing the education of foreign science and engineering students (S&Es) in several industrialized countries, and of two countries that send large numbers of S&E students abroad - the People's Republic of China (PRC) and Japan (see chapter 7). In research visits to these countries as well as to France, the United Kingdom, West Gennany, and within the United States, I was struck by the similarity of issues that were raised. One was the concern that there would not be enough well-trained scientists and engineers to meet the constantly increasing demand for them. Government officials, industrialists, and educators repeatedly stressed that a well-educated and -motivated work force was essential for their economies, national security, and for society as a whole. Many of those interviewed mentioned that universities are undergoing rapid, systemic changes as governments and industry are calling on them to provide human resources and intellectual capital.
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RECONCILING CONFLICTS THE CHALLENGE FOR THE UNIVERSITY
AN INDUSTRY PERSPECTIVE ON THE CHANGING UNIVERSITY
POSITIONING US SCIENCE POLICY FOR THE NEW WORLD ORDER
PRAGMATISM AND BEYOND
FINANCING OF BRITISH UNIVERSITIES FROM THE 1960s THROUGH THE 1980s
IMPLICATIONS FOR THE EDUCATION OF SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS
INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS IN THE TRAINING OF FOREIGN SCIENTISTS AND ENGINEERS
HUMAN RESOURCE NEEDS IN THE NEXT THREE DECADES
ARE WE LOSING OR GAINING?
EDUCATING AND TRAINING THE US WORK FORCE FOR THE TWENTYFIRST CENTURY
THE CHANGING PATTERNS OF INTERNATIONAL COLLABORATION IN UNIVERSITIES
IMPLICATIONS FOR INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS
LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
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The Changing University: How Increased Demand for Scientists and Technology ...
Dorothy Shore Zinberg
No preview available - 2012
academic activities applied bachelor's basic become changes collaboration communication companies competitive concern continue cooperation cost Council countries created decade demand Denmark departments discussion doctorates economic effect employed employment enrollments example faculty federal fields Figure force foreign S&Es foreign students funding future global graduates grants growing growth Harvard higher education important income increase indicates industry institutions interest investment issues Italy Japan Japanese John knowledge lead learning less limited major manufacturing national security officials overseas patterns percent physics political President problems production Professor programs projects question recent recruitment Report require restrictions School science and engineering Science and Technology scientific scientists and engineers sector skills social Society Source supply Table technical trend United universities Washington York