Science and Civilisation in China: Volume 7, The Social Background, Part 2, General Conclusions and Reflections

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Cambridge University Press, Jul 22, 2004 - Business & Economics - 336 pages
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Joseph Needham, who died in 1995, was the greatest British historian of China of the last 100 years. His Science and Civilisation in China series caused a seismic shift in western perceptions of China, which was revealed as perhaps the world's most scientifically and technically productive country in pre-modern times. But why did the scientific and industrial revolutions not happen in China? In the concluding volume of this series, Joseph Needham reflects on possible answers to this question and gives fascinating insights into his great intellectual quest.
 

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Contents

List of illustrations
xi
List of tables
xii
List of abbreviations
xiii
Series editors preface
xv
Volume editors preface
xvii
Vale alque ave
xxiv
Foreword
xliv
50 GENERAL CONCLUSIONS AND REFLECTIONS
1
5 The challenge of technology and medicine
81
6 Chinas immanent ethics
84
7 China and the matterspirit dichotomy
85
8 China and the cooperative mentality
88
10 Chinese and Western attitudes to Nature
90
e Literary Chinese as a language for science
95
2 Comparison scales and measurement
105
3 Problems of classification and retrieval of information
120

b The roles of Europe and China in the evolution of oecumenical science
24
a technical interpretation
43
2 The early unification and centralisation
44
3 Science technology and the underdevelopment of a money economy
54
4 The social consequences
57
5 Europes past
63
6 Chinas future
65
a Chinese perspective for world science and technology
67
1 The historical background of science in China
69
2 The counterculture and the antiscience movement
74
3 The forms of human experience
76
4 China Europe scientism
78
description of the plough
T-58
5 Levels of specification and mathematical terms
T-71
science and the fate of classical languages in East and West
T-85
f Conclusions
199
2 Chinese inventions and discoveries
217
why from Europe?
224
Joseph Needham a soliloquy
232
BIBLIOGRAPHIES
241
Chinese books before + 1800
242
Chinese and Japanese books and journal articles since + 1800
246
Books and journal articles in Western languages
247
General index
264

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About the author (2004)

Joseph Needham FRS (1900-1995) was the founder of the Science and Civilisation in China project.

Kenneth Girdwood Robinson joined Joseph Needham in 1979 in Cambridge to help him complete the unpublished volumes of Science and Civilisation in China, and wrote several of the pieces included in the present volume.

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