Political Essays Concerning the Present State of the British Empire: Particularly Respecting I. Natural Advantages and Disadvantages. ... VI. Commerce
W. Strahan; and T. Cadell, 1772 - Industries - 550 pages
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Page 345 - Years, will, in another Century, be more than the People of England, and the greatest Number of Englishmen will be on this Side the Water. What an Accession of Power to the British Empire by Sea as well as Land ! What Increase of Trade and Navigation! What Numbers of Ships and Seamen ! We have been here...
Page 236 - Hence marriages in America are more general, and more generally early, than in Europe. And if it is reckoned there, that there is but one marriage per annum among one hundred persons, perhaps we may here reckon two; and if in Europe they have but four births to a marriage, (many of their marriages being late), we may here reckon eight, of which, if one Tialf grow up, (and our marriages are made, reckoning one with another, at twenty years of age) our people must at least be doubled every twenty years.
Page 267 - But notwithstanding this increase, so vast is the territory of North America, that it will require many ages to settle it fully ; and till it is fully settled labour will never be cheap here, where no man continues long a labourer for others, but gets a plantation of his own ; no man continues long a journeyman to a trade, but goes among those new settlers, and sets up for himself, &c. Hence labour is no cheaper now in Pennsylvania, than it was thirty years ago, though so many thousand labouring...
Page 351 - Of all the American plantations, his Majesty has none so apt for the building of shipping as New England ; nor none comparably so qualified for the breeding of seamen, not only by reason of the natural industry of that people, but, principally, by reason of their Cod and Mackerel fisheries ; and, in my poor opinion, there is nothing more prejudicial, and, in prospect, more dangerous to any mother Kingdom, than the increase of shipping in her Colonies, Plantations, or Provinces.
Page 236 - Man, that understands Husbandry, can in a short Time save Money enough to purchase a Piece of new Land sufficient for a Plantation, whereon he may subsist a Family; such are not afraid to marry; for if they even look far enough forward to consider how their Children when grown up are to be provided for, they see that more Land is to be had at Rates equally easy, all Circumstances considered.
Page 268 - Tis an ill-grounded Opinion that by the Labour of slaves, America may possibly vie in Cheapness of Manufactures with Britain. The Labour of Slaves can never be so cheap here as the Labour of working Men is in Britain. Any one may compute it. Interest of Money is in the Colonies from 6 to 10 per Cent.
Page 268 - Nature a Thief, and compare the whole Amount with the Wages of a Manufacturer of Iron or Wool in England, you will see that Labour is much cheaper there than it ever can be by Negroes here.
Page 54 - ... in it. Luxury is rapacious; let them feed it: the more it is fed, the more profuse it will grow. Want is the consequence of profusion, venality of want, and dependence of venality.
Page 268 - But in proportion to the increase of the Colonies a vast demand is growing for British Manufactures, a glorious market wholly in the power of Britain, in which foreigners cannot interfere, which will increase in a short time even beyond her power of supplying, tho...