Fichte and Kant on Freedom, Rights, and Law
Beck provides the first comparative book-length introduction to Kant's and Fichte's theories of freedom, law, and politics, together with an overview of the metaphysical and epistemological edifice underpinning their thinking. He provides a critical analysis of the underlying normative foundations of Kant's and Fichte's theories of rights as the central theme around which the broader discussion is structured. Going against received interpretation and common scholarly opinion, Beck's study demonstrates that Kant's and Fichte's respective theories of law and of natural rights call into question the analytical link between autonomy and a rights-based political liberalism in crucial respects. Contrary to received scholarship, Beck concludes that Kant's theory of rights, like Fichte's, contains an unsettling message for many incompletely reasoned contemporary liberal theories of rights, which rarely discuss those additional ontological, epistemological and psychological foundations on which the defense of liberal individualistic rights ultimately rests.
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The Relation Between Freedom and Morality in Kants
Fichtes Early Theory of Rights
Fichtes Later Theory of SelfConsciousness and Freedom
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accordance action autonomy awareness become Beitrage capacity categorical imperative causality collective conceived concept consciousness constituted cultural Denkfreiheit Descartes desires determined doctrine duty ends Endzweck ethical external freedom faculties Fichte argues Fichte writes Fichte's early Fichte's later Fichte's later theory Fichte's theory Geist Grundziige Grundzuge Hammacher Handelsstaat Hegel human freedom human reason ibid idea incompatibilist individual Isaiah Berlin J. L. Talmon Kant and Fichte Kant's and Fichte's Kant's Political Kant's theory knowledge KprV later Fichte legal and political liberal man's moral law natural rights Naturrecht negative freedom negative liberty Notstaat ontology op.cit perfection Pestalozzi Plato practical philosophy principle rational agent rational self-determination realisation recognition Reden requires right to external Rousseau S.W. IV S.W. VII self-consciousness self-realisation Social Contract Staatslehre theory of freedom theory of rights thinking tion transcendental ultimately volition Wissenschaftslehre young Fichte