Challenging Past And Present: The Metamorphosis of Nineteenth-Century Japanese Art
The complex and coherent development of Japanese art during the course of the nineteenth century was inadvertently disrupted by a political event: the Meiji Restoration of 1868. Scholars of both the preceding Edo (1615-"1868) and the succeeding Meiji (1868-"1912) eras have shunned the decades bordering this arbitrary divide, thus creating an art-historical void that the former view as a period of waning technical and creative inventiveness and the latter as one threatened by Meiji reforms and indiscriminate westernization and modernization. Challenging Past and Present, to the contrary, demonstrates that the period 1840-"1890, as seen progressively rather than retrospectively, experienced a dramatic transformation in the visual arts, which in turn made possible the creative achievements of the twentieth century. The first group of chapters takes as its theme the diverse cultural currents of the transitional period, particularly as they applied to art. The second section deals with the inconsistent yet determinedly pragmatic courses pursed by artists, entrepreneurs, and patrons to achieve a secure footing in the uncertain terrain of early Meiji. Further chapters look at how painters and sculptors sought to absorb and integrate foreign influences and reinterpret their own stylistic mediums.
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aesthetic albums American Aoki Shigeru architect architecture artists Beato became Bijutsu Buddhist building bunjin bunjinga Chicago Chinese collection collectors Compassionate Mother Conant contemporary cultural decoration Domestic Industrial Exposition early Meiji Edo period essay European export Fenollosa figures foreign Freer genre Ginko Goseda Harada history paintings Horyu Hosui Illustrated Imperial Institute Japanese art Japanese painting Kannon Kannon as Compassionate Kano Hogai Kano school Kenchiku Kido Kishida Kozan Kyoto literati painting London Meiji government Meiji Japan Meiji period Modern Art modern Japanese art Museum of Modern National Museum Nihonga official Ogai oil painting Okakura Tenshin painters Paris photographs Plate portrait Prefecture realism Rokumeikan role samurai Satsuma Satsuma ware scholars Shashin Shiba Kokan shogunal style Takahashi Yuichi techniques tion Tokugawa Tokyo National Tokyo School Toyama traditional University Press wares Watanabe West Western art Western painting Western-style painting Wirgman World's Columbian Exposition Yoga Yokohama Yokoyama Yoshimatsu
Page 280 - See Albert Boime The Academy and French Painting in the Nineteenth Century (London and New York: Phaidon, 1971).