The STEREO Mission

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Christopher Russell
Springer Science & Business Media, Jul 18, 2008 - Science - 646 pages
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C. T. Russell Originally published in the journal Space Science Reviews, Volume 136, Nos 1–4. DOI: 10. 1007/s11214-008-9344-1 Springer Science+Business Media B. V. 2008 The Sun-Earth Connection is now an accepted fact. It has a signi cant impact on our daily lives, and its underpinnings are being pursued vigorously with missions such as the Solar TErrestrial RElations Observatory, commonly known as STEREO. This was not always so. It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Edward Sabine connected the 11-year geomagnetic cycle with Heinrich Schwabe’s deduction of a like periodicity in the sunspot record. The clincher for many was Richard Carrington’s sighting of a great whi- light are on the Sun, on September 1, 1859, followed by a great geomagnetic storm 18 hours later. But was the Sun-Earth Connection signi cant to terrestrial denizens? Perhaps in 1859 it was not, but a century later it became so. Beginning in the 1930’s, as electrical powergrids grew in size, powercompanies began to realize that they occasionally had power blackouts during periods of intense geomagnetic activity. This correlation did not appear to be suf ciently signi cant to bring to the attention of the public but during the International Geophysical Year (IGY), when geomagnetic activity was being scrutinized intensely, the occurrence of a large North American power blackout during a great magnetic storm was impossible to ignore.

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page 266 figure 8
broken power law


An Introduction
The STEREO Observatory
STEREO Space Weather and the Space Weather Beacon
Sun Earth Connection Coronal and Heliospheric Investigation SECCHI
STEREO IMPACT Investigation Goals Measurements and Data Products Overview
The STEREOIMPACT Magnetic Field Experiment
The IMPACT Solar Wind Electron Analyzer SWEA
The Solar Electron and Proton Telescope for the STEREO Mission
The High Energy Telescope for STEREO
The Plasma and Suprathermal Ion Composition PLASTIC Investigation on the STEREO Observatories
The Radio and Plasma Wave Investigation on the STEREO Mission
The Electric Antennas for the STEREOWAVES Experiment
STEREOWaves Goniopolarimetry
Theoretical Modeling for the STEREO Mission
STEREO Ground Segment Science Operations and Data Archive

The STEREO IMPACT Suprathermal Electron STE Instrument
The Suprathermal Ion Telescope SIT for the IMPACTSEP Investigation
The LowEnergy Telescope LET and SEP Central Electronics for the STEREO Mission
The Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory STEREO Education and Outreach EPO Program

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Page 17 - The Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory 1 1 100 Johns Hopkins Road Laurel, MD 20723-6099...
Page 8 - Sun's corona and the interplanetary medium; and develop a 3-0 timedependent model of the magnetic topology, temperature, density, and velocity structure of the ambient solar wind.
Page 12 - STEREO^WAVES (SWAVES), an interplanetary radio burst tracker that will trace the generation and evolution of traveling radio disturbances from the Sun to the orbit of Earth...
Page 11 - Investigation (SECCHI) using the remote sensing package which will study the 3-D evolution of CME's from birth at the Sun's surface through the corona and interplanetary medium to their eventual impact at Earth...

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