Quantitative SeismologyTable of Contents 1. Introduction Suggestions for Further Reading 2. Basic Theorems in Dynamic Elasticity 2.1 Formulation 2.2 StressStrain Relations and the StrainEnergy Function 2.3 Theorems of Uniqueness and Reciprocity 2.4 Introducing Green’s Function for Elastodynamics 2.5 Representation Theorems 2.6 StrainDisplacement Relations and DisplacementStress Relations in General Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 3. Representation of Seismic Sources 3.1 Representation Theorems for an Internal Surface: BodyForce Equivalents for Discontinuities in Traction and Displacement 3.2 A Simple Example of Slip on a Buried Fault 3.3 General Analysis of Displacement Discontinuities across an Internal Surface E 3.4 Volume Sources: Outline of the Theory and Some Simple Examples Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 4. Elastic Waves from a Point Dislocation Source 4.1 Formulation: Introduction of Potentials 4.2 Solution for the Elastodynamic Green Function in a Homogeneous, Isotropic Unbounded Medium 4.3 The DoubleCouple Solution in an Infinite Homogeneous Medium 4.4 Ray Theory for FarField Pwaves and Swaves from a Point Source 4.5 The Radiation Pattern of Body Waves in the Far Field for a Point Shear Dislocation of Arbitrary Orientation in a Spherically Symmetric Medium Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 5. Plane Waves in Homogeneous Media and Their Reflection and Transmission at a Plane Boundary 5.1 Basic Properties of Plane Waves in Elastic Media 5.2 Elementary Formulas for Reflection/Conversion/Transmission Coefficients page 148.8, "are insensitive to firstorder changes", let it read "have no sensitivity" [April 2003] page 148.9, "and discussed by Russell (1993)", let it read "and discussed by Russell (1993) and (Ramos, Antonio C. B., and John P. Castagna, Useful approximations for convertedwave AVO, Geophysics, 66: 17211734, 2001)" 5.3 Inhomogeneous Waves, Phase Shifts, and Interface Waves 5.4 A Matrix Method for Analyzing Plane Waves in Homogeneous Media 5.5 Wave Propagation in an Attenuating Medium: Basic Theory for Plane Waves 5.6 Wave Propagation in an Elastic Anisotropic Medium: Basic Theory for Plane Waves Suggestions for Further Reading Problems new problem 6. Reflection and Refraction of Spherical Waves; Lamb’s Problem 6.1 Spherical Waves as a Superposition of Plane Waves and Conical Waves 6.2 Reflection of Spherical Waves at a Plane Boundary: Acoustic Waves correction to Figures 6.6, 6.12cde 6.3 Spherical Waves in an Elastic HalfSpace: The Rayleigh Pole 6.4 CagniardDe Hoop Methods for Line Sources 6.5 CagniardDe Hoop Methods for Point Sources 6.6 Summary of Main Results and Comparison between Different Methods Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 7. Surface Waves in a Vertically Heterogeneous Medium 7.1 Basic Properties of Surface Waves 7.2 Eigenvalue Problem for the DisplacementStress Vector 7.3 Variational Principle for Love and Rayleigh Waves 7.4 SurfaceWave Terms of Green’s Function for a Vertically Heterogeneous Medium 7.5 Love and Rayleigh Waves from a Point Source with Arbitrary Seismic Moment 7.6 Leaky Modes Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 8. Free Oscillations of the Earth 8.1 Free Oscillations of a Homogeneous Liquid Sphere 8.2 Excitation of Free Oscillations by a Point Source 8.3 Surface Waves on the Spherical Earth 8.4 Free Oscillations of a SelfGravitating Earth 8.5 The Centroid Moment Tensor 8.6 Splitting of Normal Modes Due to the Earth’s Rotation 8.7 Spectral Splitting of Free Oscillations Due to Lateral Inhomogeneity of the Earth’s Structure Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 9. Body Waves in Media with DepthDependent Properties 9.1 Cagniard’s Method for a Medium with Many Plane Layers: Analysis of a Generalized Ray 9.2 The Reflectivity Method for a Medium with Many Plane Layers 9.3 Classical Ray Theory in Seismology 9.4 Inversion of TravelTime Data to Infer Earth Structure Additional explanatory Figures, showing ray paths and reduced traveltime curves 9.5 Wave Propagation in Media Having Smoothly Varying DepthDependent Velocity Profiles within Which Turning Points Are Present 9.6 BodyWave Problems for Spherically Symmetric Earth Models in Which Discontinuities are Present between In homogeneous Layers 9.7 Comparison between Different Methods Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 10. The Seismic Source: Kinematics 10.1 Kinematics of an Earthquake as Seen at Far Field 10.2 Kinematics of an Earthquake as Seen at Near Field Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 11. The Seismic Source: Dynamics 11.1 Dynamics of a Crack Propagating with Prescribed Velocity 11.2 Dynamics of Spontaneous Planar Rupture Propagation Suggestions for Further Reading Problems 12. Principles of Seismometry 12.1 Basic Instrumentation 12.2 Frequency and Dynamic Range of Seismic Signals and Noise 12.3 Detection of Signal Suggestions for Further Reading Problems Appendix 1: Glossary of Waves Appendix 2: Definition of Magnitudes Index. 
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Really great book for understanding the theory behind seismology. It progresses fairly naturally and doesn't presume too much background knowledge. My only complaint would be the lack of explanation of some important topics such as the propagator method. This book goes into great detail on seismic sources.
This one is called the bible of seismology. Though it is kind of old but it is not out of date, and has all of the subjects a seismologist (especially in Earthquake and Seismological Engineering) needs. Explanations are great but be aware, this is not a dummy book: you need to have a good basis of mathematics and algebra. All and all a must have book for a seismologist ...
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Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics John Conrad Jaeger,Neville G. W. Cook,Robert Zimmerman No preview available  2007 