Relation of the Colony of the Lord Baron of Baltimore, in Maryland, Near Virginia: A Narrative of the First Voyage to Maryland

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1847 - Maryland - 47 pages
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Page 19 - March, in the year 1634, we offered in this island, for the first time, the sacrifice of the mass : in this region of the world it had never been celebrated before. Sacrifice being ended, having taken up on our shoulders the great cross which we had hewn from a tree, and going in procession to the place that had been designated, the Governor, commissioners, and other catholics participating in the ceremony, we erected it as a trophy to Christ the Saviour, while the litany of the holy cross was chaunted...
Page 35 - God, the event has not disappointed the expectation ; for he has joined our faith, some others also being brought over with him ; and on the 5th of July 1640, when he was sufficiently instructed in the mysteries of the faith, in a solemn manner he received the sacramental waters in a little chapel, which, for that purpose and for divine worship, he had erected, out of bark, after the manner of the Indians. At the same time the queen, with an infant at the breast, and others of the principal men,...
Page 36 - But it is not right for us here to be too anxious for bringing the others to the truth, lest we may seem to abandon prematurely our present tender flock. Nor need those who are sent for assisting us fear lest the means of life be wanting, when he who clothes the lilies and feeds the fowls of the air, will not suffer those who are laboring to extend his kingdom to be destitute of necessary sustenance.
Page 42 - ... by using their endeavors that laws of this kind formerly passed in England and unjustly observed there, may obtain like force here, to wit: that it shall not be lawful for any person or community, even ecclesiastical, in any wise, even by gift, to acquire or possess any land, unless the permission of the civil magistrate first be obtained.
Page 24 - I can say, that the soil appears particularly fertile, and strawberries, vines, sassafras, hickory nuts, and walnuts, we tread upon every where, in the thickest woods. The soil is dark and soft, a foot in thickness, and rests upon a rich and red clay. Every where there are very high trees, except where the ground is tilled by a scanty population. An abundance of springs afford water. No animals are seen except deer, the beaver, and squirrels, which are as large as the hares of Europe. There is an...
Page 31 - White to his court, the Tayac was in danger from a severe disease; and when forty conjurers had in vain tried every remedy, the Father, by permission of the sick man, administered medicine, to wit: a certain powder of known efficacy mixed with holy water, and took care the day after, by the assistance of the boy, whom he had with him, to open one of his veins for bloodletting.
Page 31 - ... nor himself only, but his wife also and two daughters; for as yet he has no male offspring. Father White is now diligently engaged in their instruction ; nor do they slothfully receive the heavenly doctrine, for by the light of heaven poured upon them, they have long since found out the errors of their former life. The king has exchanged the skins with which he was heretofore clothed for a garment made in our fashion ; he makes also a little endeavor to learn our language. Having put...
Page 18 - The Thames, compared with it, can scarcely be considered a rivulet. It is not rendered impure by marshes, but on each bank of solid earth rise beautiful groves of trees, not choked up with an undergrowth of brambles and bushes, but as if laid out by the hand, in a manner so open that you might freely drive a four-horse chariot in the midst of the trees.
Page 6 - Of the fishes, those that follow have already come into notice : sturgeons, herrings, phocinae, crevices, shrimp, torpedoes, trouts, mullets of three kinds, urchins, rochetfish, white salmon, oysters, periwinkles, and others of that kind, of innumerable names and unknown species. But so great is the abundance of swine and deer that they are rather troublesome than advantageous. Cows also are innumerable, and oxen suitable for bearing burdens or for food ; besides five other kinds of large beasts...

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