Caesar's Coin Revisited: Christians and the Limits of Government
Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1996 - Religion - 197 pages
"Render to Caesar the things that are Caesar's," said Jesus, "and to God the things that are God's." What does this mean in a time and place drastically different from first-century Palestine? As more and more Christians from differing traditions exercise power in the political arena, what theological principles should shape their views of the role of government?
Protestant and Catholic scholars of diverse views debate these questions in Caesar's Coin Revisited. From his provocative analysis of the "Caesar's coin" biblical passage (Mark 12:13-17), Luis E. Lugo concludes that while Christians should fulfill appropriate demands of citizenship, they must always remember that governmental authority lies within the all-encompassing sphere of God's authority. Jean Bethke Elshtain argues that because the very nature of "Caesar" has changed in our modern world, we must rethink the "things" that are his. She enhances her insights with an engaging examination of theologian Dietrich Bonhoeffer's resistance to the Nazis. Kenneth L. Grasso demonstrates that Catholic social thought views the state as having a moral function: to establish social conditions conducive to the common good. He also explores the implications of this social teaching in the economic sphere. Doug Bandow, speaking from a libertarian perspective, points out that Scripture and tradition offer only guidelines, not a blueprint, for godly government. In his view, "social, moral, and economic matters more properly fall to the Church and other private institutions than to the state."
Four other scholars - James V. Schall, S.J., Wilfred M. McClay, Max L. Stackhouse, and Glenn Tinder respectively - challenge and affirm these insights in responding essays. Each of the four chapters then ends with a lively discussion in which the eight contributors and a dozen other informed scholars and practitioners exchange views.
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A Catholic Response
Caesar Sovereignty and Bon hoejjer
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Abraham Kuyper affirm American argue argument Aristotelian Aristotle Augustinian authority Bernard Zylstra Bible biblical Bonhoeffer Bonhoeffer's bowling alone C. S. Lewis Caesar Calvin College Calvinist Catholic social teaching Catholic social thought Catholicism Cato Institute Centesimus Annus Christ Christian Christian Coalition Church civic civil disobedience civil society claims coercion common common grace Communitarianism concept conciliar constitutional Council covenantal culture culture wars David Walsh democracy democratic democratic capitalism denarius Dietrich Bonhoeffer Dignitatis Humanae divine don't Doug Bandow economic encyclical Ethics Francis Beckwith freedom French Revolution Gaudium et Spes George Weigel Georgetown University God's Grasso human dignity human person human rights individual institutions Irving Kristol Israel Israelites It's Jacques Maritain Jean Bethke Elshtain Jean Elshtain Jesus Jews John Courtney Murray John Paul John Paul II John Stuart Mill just war tradition justice Kenneth L kind Laura Spelman Rockefeller Leviathan liberal democracy liberal theology liberalism liberalism's libertarian limited government Lord Acton Luis Lugo Lutheran man's Mary Ann Glendon means ment metaphysical Michael Novak Michael Uhlmann modern moral moral nihilism nation-state nature notion Old Testament Paul Marshall Peter Wehner pluralist political community political philosophy political science political theory Princeton Theological Seminary principle principle of subsidiarity problem Protestant Protestantism question Raymond Aron reason religious religious pluralism render unto Caesar responsibility revelation Richard John Neuhaus Richard Land Richard Rorty Robert Royal Robert Sirico role Rush Limbaugh Scripture Second Vatican Council seems self sense sinful social artifact sovereign sovereignty sphere sovereignty Spragens subsidiarity talk teaching teleological Testament theocracy theory things Thomas Hobbes Thomist tion totalitarian tradition Treaty of Westphalia truth Tulane University understanding Vatican II virtue Yves Simon