Active Tectonics: Earthquakes, Uplift, and Landscape

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Prentice Hall, 2002 - Science - 362 pages
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Active Tectonics is a carefully organized, easily understandable book. Extremely current throughout, this book thoroughly explores the effects of earthquakes and active tectonic systems on humans, geomorphic systems, and Earth's topography. Complete with numerous case studies in a variety of regions, the very latest advances in the field, separate quantitative techniques boxed sections, and a host of pedagogical aids. This comprehensive book focuses on new advances in the technology and new applications to geology and tectonics. Increased material on Quaternary chronology, including lichen chronology and micro stratigraphy of desert varnish. New studies, including research in the Olympic Mountains, Nepal, Australia, Taiwan, the Himalaya, and the New Madrid seismic zone of the central United States. New techniques such as cosmogenic surface-exposure dating, argon and helium geobarometry and geothermometry, regional hyposometric analysis using digital elevation models, geodetic positioning, and coupled geodynamical computer simulations of topographic evolution are covered. Covers a number of regions with case studies including: Alaska; Pacific Northwest; California; The basin and range; Midwest; and East Coast. Ideal for beginning readers in active tectonics, geomorphology and natural hazards. This book may also be of interest to city planners, seismic engineers, and other non-geologists.

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Contents

Emphasizing Earthquakes
2
Active Tectonics
3
Magnitude and Intensity of Earthquakes
11
Seismic Waves
19
Estimation of Seismic Risk
27
Effects of Earthquakes
33
The Earthquake Cycle
39
Summary
46
INTRODUCTION
155
Active Tectonics and Rivers
157
Active Tectonics and Coastlines
191
Coseismic Deformation
198
Coastal Geomorphology and Sea Level
206
Deformation of Coastal Terraces
212
Summary
218
FoldandThrust Belts
227

Landforms Tectonic Geomorphology and Quaternary Chronology
49
Geodesy
87
Geomorphic Indices of Active Tectonics
122
Drainage Basin Asymmetry
123
MountainFront Sinuosity Smi
134
Relic Mountain Fronts
149
Paleoseismology and Earthquake Prediction
267
Mountain Building
313
Appendix A
347
Index
359
Copyright

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