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12 rays 24 rays abdominal fins abdominal rays acute Alleghany Alleghany Mountains anal fin appendage barbs base blackish Body cylindrical branches brownish Catfish Catostomus caudal caudal fins convex creek Diameter one fifth Diameter one fourth Dorsal and anal dorsal fin dorsal scales elliptical elongated English miles Esox Etheostoma Eyes round falcated Fallfish feet Fins olivaceous fins trapezoidal fins with nine fish flexuose fulvous Garfish genera genus gill cover gilt hook Hyodon Ichthyologia inches long iris silvery jaws nearly equal Kentucky lanceolate lateral line straight Lepomis Lesueur Linneus lobe longitudinal lower jaw longer medial Mississippi name means nine rays obliqual oblong obtuse Ohio opercule pale Pectoral fins Pimelodus Pittsburgh preopercule Rafinesque reaching the abdominal Ribbonfish river scaleless scales scaly Silurus snout species spine spiny rays spot Subgenus Sucker Sunfish Synonymy tail forked teeth total length trapezoidal unequal Upper jaw longer Vent posterior Vulgar names Wabash whitish yellow
Page 166 - SPECCHIO DELLE SCIENZE, o GIORNALE ENCICLOPEDICO DI SICILIA. Deposito letterario delle moderne cognizioni, scoperte, ed osservazioni sopra le scienze ed arti, e particolarmente sopra la fisica, la chimica, la storia naturale, la botanica, l'agricultura, la medicina, il commercio, la legislazione, l'educazione, etc.
Page 85 - Body nearly cylindrical and scaly. Mouth variable with small teeth. Gill cover double or triple unserrate, with a spine on the opercule and without scales: six branchial rays. Thoracic fins with six rays, one of which is spiny; no appendage. One dorsal fin more or less divided in two parts, the anterior one with entirely spiny rays. Vent medial or rather anterior.
Page 39 - Professor of Botany and Natural History in Transylvania University, Author of the Analysis of Nature &c. &c., member of the Literary and Philosophical Society of New York, the Historical Society of New York, the Lyceum of Natural History of New York, the Academy of Sciences of Philadelphia, the American Antiquarian Society, the Royal Institute of Natural Sciences of Naples, the Italian Society of Arts & Sciences, the Medical Societies of Lexington and Cincinnati &c., &c.
Page 131 - All the fins with rays. There are several species of Pikes in the Ohio, Mississippi, Wabash, Kentucky, &c. I have not yet been able to observe them thoroughly. I have however procured correct accounts, and figures of two species ; but there are more. They appear to belong to a peculiar subgenus distinguished by a long dorsal fin, a forked tail, and the abdominal fins anterior, being removed from the vent. It may be called Picorellus.
Page 132 - Pimncau by the Canadians and Missourians. It reaches the length of from three to five feet. The pectoral and abdominal fins are trapezoidal, the anal and dorsal longitudinal with many rays and nearly equal. It is sometimes called Jack or Jackfish. Lateral line straight.
Page 118 - This fish is the must useful to keep in ponds. t Diameter one-fifth of the length ; blackish above, yellowish beneath, very broad ; a spine at the base of the pectoral fins ; lateral line straight. A very doubtful species seen by Mr. Audubon. It comes sometimes in shoals in March, and soon disappears. Only taken with the seine, not biting at the hook ; vulgar name, Brown Sucker. The month is very remarkable, being broader than the head, somewhat projecting on the sides; length one foot.
Page 100 - Hybopsis longiceps Cope. Hybopsis microstomus (Raf.) Jordan. This description agrees very closely with specimens sent me by WM * Diameter one-eighth of total length, silvery, back olivaceous with a brown longitudinal stripe in the middle; two lateral lines, one straight, the lower curved downwards and shorter; head gilt and green above. Dorsal fin 9 rays. Anal fin 12 rays. A small and slender species, common in the Ohio, &c., and going in flocks; length 2 or 3 inches. Its head is beautiful when alive;...
Page 140 - It lies sometimes asleep or motionless on the surface of the water, and may be mistaken for a log or a snag. It is impossible to take it in any other way than with the seine or a very strong hook, the prongs of the gig cannot pierce the scales which are as hard as flint, and even proof against lead balls ! Its flesh is not good to eat. It is a voracious fish: Its vulgar names are Diamond fish, (owing to its scales being cut like diamonds) Devil fish, Jack fish, Gar jack, &c.
Page 132 - It is one of the best fishes in the Ohio, its flesh is very delicate, and divides easily, as in Salmon, into large plates as white as snow. It is called Salmon Pike, White Pike, White Jack or White Pickerel, and Picaneau blanc by the Missourians.
Page 106 - ... base, snout rounded, mouth hardly diagonal, nearly horizontal. Dorsal and anal fins with 9 rays. A small fish from 2 to 4 inches long, called Fall-fish, Bait-fish, Minny, &c. It is found in the Alleghany Mountains, in the waters of the Monongahela, Kenhaway, and úven in the Potomac.