Environmental Indicators for Agriculture: Methods and results
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 1999 - Agriculture - 62 pages
Vol. 1. Little quantitative information is available to assess the impacts, both harmful and beneficial, of agriculture on the environment and to measure how different policy measures affect the environment. To help fill these gaps, a major effort is underway in the OECD to develop a set of policy-relevant agri-environmental indicators. This first volume, of the series Environmental Indicators for Agriculture, outlines an analytical framework to further the analysis of agri-environmental linkages and sustainable agriculture. It describes the main environmental concepts in agriculture of relevance to OECD policy-makers and the indicators that need to be calculated: the use of nutrients, pesticides, and water; land conservation; water and soil quality; greenhouse gases; biodiversity; wildlife habitats; landscape; and environmental impacts related to farm management practices, the availability of farm financial resources, and rural socio-cultural issues.
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of major public concern in the context of agricultural policy reform trade liberalisation and multilateral
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active agri-environmental agricultural land Annex Table annual applied assessed Australia average balance biodiversity calculation Canada cent changes chapter concentration concern conservation costs cover crop Denmark diversity economic effects efficiency emissions Environment environmental erosion estimated European example farm management farmers fertilisers field Figure flows France Germany groundwater habitat human impacts important improve increase indicators industry inputs International irrigation issues Italy Japan landscape limited livestock loss major management practices manure measures methods monitoring natural Netherlands nitrate nitrogen Norway nutrient OECD countries organic period pest pesticide plans plant pollution potential problems processes production Protection quantity recent reduce refer regions Report Research result risk risk indicators rivers sediment share soil soil quality Source species Sustainable Sweden Switzerland tillage trends United Kingdom vary water quality Zealand