Left Out: Reds and America's Industrial Unions
Cambridge University Press, 2003 - Political Science - 375 pages
From the late 1930s through the mid-1950s, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) brought together America's working men and women under a united class banner. Of the 38 CIO unions, 18 were 'left-wing' or 'Communist-dominated'. Yet the political struggle between the CIO's 'Communist dominated' and right-leaning unions was immensely divisive and self-destructive. How did the Communists win, hold, and wield power in the CIO unions? Did they subordinate the needs of workers to those of the Soviet regime? The authors of this book, first published in 2002, provide testable answers to these questions with historically specific quantitative analyses of data on the CIO's origins, internal struggles, and political relations. They find that among the CIO unions, the Communists were more egalitarian, the most progressive on class, race, and gender issues, and leading fighters in struggles to enlarge the freedom and enhance the human dignity of America's workers.
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ACTU allies amalgamation American analysis anti-Communist anti-Communist camp auto black membership black workers CIO international unions CIO unions CIO's collective bargaining committee Communist camp Communist unionists Communist-led internationals Communist-led unions constitutional democracy contracts convention Daily Worker district dual unionism earlier Red organizing egalitarian elections emphasis added employers employment equal executive board expelled FEPC Foner Ford Foster grievance procedure highly democratic HUAC IBEW ILWU independent organizing industrial unions insurgent practices interracial solidarity issue Levenstein 1981 Lipset Log odds ratio logit management prerogatives Negro non-Communist odds ratio uniform officers oligarchic organized factions party party's percent plant political camp president production racial radical rank-and-file Red unionism Reuther rival Rouge Saposs standard error Starobin steel Stepan-Norris strategy strike struggle Taft–Hartley trade union TUEL TUUL UAW's UE's union democracy union leaders United USWA votes wage Walter Reuther William Z women Zeitlin Zieger