States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China

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Cambridge University Press, Feb 28, 1979 - History - 407 pages
17 Reviews
State structures, international forces, and class relations: Theda Skocpol shows how all three combine to explain the origins and accomplishments of social-revolutionary transformations. From France in the 1790s to Vietnam in the 1970s, social revolutions have been rare but undeniably of enormous importance in modern world history. States and Social Revolutions provides a new frame of reference for analyzing the causes, the conflicts, and the outcomes of such revolutions. And it develops in depth a rigorous, comparative historical analysis of three major cases: the French Revolution of 1787 through the early 1800s, the Russian Revolution of 1917 through the 1930s, and the Chinese Revolution of 1911 through the 1960s. Believing that existing theories of revolution, both Marxist and non-Marxist, are inadequate to explain the actual historical patterns of revolutions, the author urges us to adopt fresh perspectives. Above all, she maintains that states conceived as administrative and coercive organizations potentially autonomous from class controls and interests must be made central to explanations of revolutions.
 

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Review: States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China

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A comparative-historical analysis of the French, Russian, and Chinese revolutions that does a very good job of accounting for the structural differences between each case. The state as a Janus-faced ... Read full review

Review: States and Social Revolutions: A Comparative Analysis of France, Russia and China

User Review  - TR - Goodreads

A comparative-historical analysis of the French, Russian, and Chinese revolutions that does a very good job of accounting for the structural differences between each case. The state as a Janus-faced ... Read full review

Contents

Explaining Social Revolutions Alternatives to Existing Theories
3
A STRUCTURAL PERSPECTIVE
14
INTERNATIONAL AND WORLDHISTORICAL CONTEXTS
19
THE POTENTIAL AUTONOMY OF THE STATE
24
A COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL METHOD
33
WHY FRANCE RUSSIA AND CHINA?
40
Causes of Social Revolutions in France Russia and China
45
OldRegime States in Crisis
47
THE ROLE OF REVOLUTIONARY IDEOLOGIES
168
The Birth of a Modern State Edifice in France
174
THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIALREVOLUTIONARY CRISIS OF 1789
181
WAR THE JACOBINS AND NAPOLEON
185
THE NEW REGIME
196
The Emergence of a Dictatorial PartyState in Russia
206
THE EFFECTS OF THE SOCIALREVOLUTIONARY CRISIS OF 1917
207
THE BOLSHEVIK STRUGGLE TO RULE
212

THE CONTRADICTIONS OF BOURBON ABSOLUTISM
51
FROM THE CELESTIAL EMPIRE TO THE FALL OF THE IMPERIAL SYSTEM
67
AN UNDERDEVELOPED GREAT POWER
81
JAPAN AND PRUSSIA AS CONTRASTS
99
Agrarian Structures and Peasant Insurrections
112
PEASANTS AGAINST SEIGNEURS IN THE FRENCH REVOLUTION
118
PEASANT RADICALISM IN RUSSIA
128
THE ABSENCE OF PEASANT REVOLTS IN THE ENGLISH AND GERMAN REVOLUTIONS
140
PEASANT INCAPACITY AND GENTRY VULNERABILITY IN CHINA
147
Outcomes of Social Revolutions in France Russia and China
159
A What Changed and How A Focus on State Building
161
POLITICAL LEADERSHIPS
164
THE STALINIST REVOLUTION FROM ABOVE
220
THE NEW REGIME
225
The Rise of a MassMobilizing PartyState in China
236
THE SOCIALREVOLUTIONARY SITUATION AFTER 1911
237
THE RISE AND DECLINE OF THE URBANBASED KUOMINTANG
242
THE COMMUNISTS AND THE PEASANTS
252
THE NEW REGIME
263
Conclusion
284
Notes
294
Bibliography
351
Index
391
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About the author (1979)

Theda Skocpol is professor of government and sociology at Harvard University and the author of Boomerang: Health Care Reform and the Turn Against Government.

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