Footprints of the Welsh Indians: Settlers in North America Before 1492

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Algora Publishing, 2004 - History - 223 pages
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In the 12th century, the terror and turmoil brought about by the contention for the throne caused an exodus of the frightened and disillusioned populace from Wales. Prince Madoc led some three expeditions westard, across the seas, to seek a new life in a land that, it was felt, could hardly be less hospitable than home. Groups of as many as 250 settlers traveled in ten or more Viking-style boats, up to 75 feet in length. Madoc returned to Mobile Bay in 1170 with ships laden with settlers, and a thriving colony was founded. Tantalizing evidence suggests that when he came back with a second group a year later, the difficulties of calculating longitude brought him to the mouth of the Mississippi, and the two groups never did find one another. The first group were forced out of Tennessee in about 1500 due to wars with the Cherokee, and in a great migration found their way to the banks of the Upper Missouri River, where they became known as the Mandan Indians. The second group travelled up the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers to the Falls of the Ohio, where they established a well defended colony. Wars with the Shawnee and Iroquois tribes eventually spelled their downfall. Archaeological finds in the Southern states as well as in the Ohio Valley include the remains of highly engineered stone forts, metal implements and other artifacts impossible to explain in the context of the savage tribes encountered by the Europeans and Americans who eventually settled the region. Numerous accounts in the 16th through the 19th centuries recall meetings with fair skinned Indians. Those accounts especially include encounters with the Mandans, but they also include accounts with a mysterious people known as the"Asguaw," "Tallega," and several other names. Memoirs and correspondence tell of encounters with "Welsh speaking Indians" - and suggest how the newer arrivals may have dealt with the inconvenient possibility that other White settlers had preceded them.
 

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Contents

IN THE BEGINNING
5
THE PATHFINDERS
9
THE PALEOAMERICANS
11
THE PHOENICIANS
15
THE KELTS
23
THE ALBANS
27
ST BRENDON AND ST FINBARR
39
THE VIKINGS
41
EASTERN ENCOUNTERS
121
THE MANDANS
129
WESTERN ENCOUNTERS
131
FOLLOW YOUR DREAM
147
LANGUAGE
157
THE HIDATSA AND THE ARIKARA
165
The Arikara
170
1837
175

MADOC THE BOLD
55
TALES FROM WALES
57
THE VOYAGES
63
THE WELSH INDIANS
69
UP THE COOSA RIVER
71
TO THE FALLS OF THE OHIO
89
THE RED INDIANS
101
THE FATE OF THE MANDAN
181
RETRACING THE DREAM
185
EPILOGUE
197
BIBLIOGRAPHY
207
INDEX
215
Copyright

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