The Ili Rebellion: The Moslem Challenge to Chinese Authority in Xinjiang, 1944-1949

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M.E. Sharpe, 1990 - History - 265 pages
In 1944 Moslem forces in China's westernmost province of Xinjiang rose against the Chinese authorities and succeeded in establishing a small independent Islamic state - the East Turkestan Republic. Based on newly available archival material, this book describes the Moslem challenge to Chinese rule and documents the Nationalist government's response to newly awakened Turkic-Moslem nationalism on China's most remote and politically sensitive north-western frontier. With this book, Linda Benson aims to break new ground in the study of Sino-Soviet relations and especially of the policies of Chinese governments toward their national minorities.
 

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Contents

National Minority Policy in Republican China
4
Geographical and Historical Background to the Rebellion
13
The Establishment of the East Turkestan Republic
36
Xinjiangs 1946 Coalition Government
61
The Xinjiang Coalition January to July 1947
98
Xinjiang After the Collapse of the Coalition 19471949
124
Conclusion
171
The Peace Agreement of January 2 1946
179
Chinese Transliteration of Turkic Names
187
List of Interviews
193
Why Are We Fighting?
194
Struggle for the Motherland
201
Notes
203
Glossary
229
Selected Bibliography
237
Index
253

Government Political Program
182

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About the author (1990)

Linda Benson is Professor of History at the University of Oakland, Rochester, Michigan.

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