The Cratylus of Plato: A Commentary
The Cratylus, one of Plato's most difficult and intriguing dialogues, explores the relations between a name and the thing it names. The questions that arise lead the characters to face a number of major issues: truth and falsehood, relativism, etymology, the possibility of a perfect language, the relation between the investigation of names and that of reality, the Heraclitean flux theory and the Theory of Forms. This full-scale commentary on the Cratylus offers a definitive interpretation of the dialogue. It contains translations of the passages discussed and a line-by-line analysis which deals with textual matters and unravels Plato's dense and subtle arguments, reaching a novel interpretation of some of the dialogue's main themes as well as of many individual passages. The book is intended primarily for graduate students and scholars, in both philosophy and classics, but presupposes no previous acquaintance with the subject and is accessible to undergraduates.
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chapter 2 Hermogenes conventionalism 384c386e
chapter 3 Naturalism defended 386e390e
chapter 4 Naturalism unfolded 390e394e
chapter 5 Naturalism illustrated the etymologies of secondary names 394e421c
chapter 6 Naturalism illustrated the primary names 421c427e
chapter 7 Naturalism discussed 427e433b
chapter 8 Naturalism refuted and conventionalism defended 433b439b
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according actually Anaxagoras Antisthenes argue argument Arist Aristotle Astyanax Barney Callias Cambiano claim conclusion construal contains context convention conventionalism correct name correctness of names Cratylus Cronus Dalimier Democritus dialogue discussion distinction Empedocles etymologies Euthydemus Euthyphro example expression fact false sentence false speaking flux theory form of name Fowler Greek hence Heraclitus Hermogenes Hipponicus Homer imitation imposed inappropriate indicate interpretation kind knowledge lawgiver letters and syllables matter means Méridier Minio-Paluello name’s namegiver natural correctness naturalist notion objects parallel passage perhaps phrase pin-beater Plato possible present primary names Proclus Prodicus Protagoras question Reeve refer resemble Scamandrius Schofield secondary names Sedley seems signify Socrates says someone sort speakers Stallbaum suggests term Theaetetus thesis things Timaeus touto translation true truth utter words ἂν εἶναι καὶ λόγος ὄνομα ὀνόματα σκληρόν τὰ τε τὸ τῶν