Standard Languages: Spoken and Written
Manchester University Press, 1982 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 192 pages
In this volume, Dr. Haas brings together studies on the powerful trend toward linguistic standardization, viewing it as an essential feature of the life of a language and of the work of grammarians. J. Vachek examines the distinctive function of written norms and D.J. Allerton considers how the same norm may serve different dialects. The book also includes four studiesˇby R.E. Keller, M.W.S. De Silva, T.S. Mitchell and M. Alexiouˇwhich review present conditions in Switzerland, Ceylon, the Arabic- speaking Middle East and Greece and deal with the problems, linguistic and social, that arise from an imposition of written and spoken standards on divergent vernaculars.
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Vachek English orthography
J Allerton Orthography and dialect
R E Keller Diglossia in Germanspeaking
W Sugathapala De Silva Some consequences
T F Mitchell More than a matter of writing with
Margaret Alexiou Diglossia in Greece
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alphabetic bilingualism borrowing century classical code-switching Colloquial Sinhalese context correspondence cultural demoticist dialect differentiation diglossia diglossic situation Dionysius Thrax distinction divergent example fact Ferguson Fishman foreign language formal forms of language French functions graphemes Greek diglossia Greek language High variety historical instance katharevousa katharevousa and demotic koine koineised language communities Latin learned lexical lexis linguistic prescriptions literary grammar Literary Sinhalese literature Modern English modern Greek Mont Follick morphemes morphological nouns official language orthographic systems phonemes phonological political present prestige problems pronunciation puristic realised reference regional rules Sanskrit script semantic sentence Silva Sinhalese diglossia Sinhalese language social socio-linguistic speakers speech community spelling spoken language spoken norm spoken utterances Sprache Standard German standard language standardisation structure superposed standard Swiss German Switzerland symbol tion usage Vachek variation vernacular vowel words writing system written language written norm written utterances ZŘrich