"We of the Third Sex": Literary Representations of Homosexuality in Wilhelmine Germany
This study traces the influence which the medical model of homosexuality, conceived and formulated largely by German physicians, exerted upon works of prose fiction and dramas written between the late 1880s and 1914. This Third Sex, as it was named, inhabited a space created between the heterosexual male and female, and its members rapidly proliferated in literary works. Combining historical, narrative and feminist approaches, the author analyzes over three dozen works in terms of both their social contexts and the aesthetic strategies they employ in presenting homosexual characters. The writers studied include: Frank Wedekind, Elizabeth Dauthendey, Robert Musil, Maria Janitschek, Thomas Mann and John Henry Mackay. Jones' readings of these texts reveal that these depictions evolved from a rather exact mirroring of the medical model for homosexuality into a more varied presentation in which we find the genesis of a specifically German literary discourse on homosexualities.
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The Creation of the Third
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acceptance adolescent Adolf Brand ancient Greece artist Aschenbach attempt attitude attraction authors Basini becomes Berlin century chapter dafl describes desire discourse on homosexuality discussion effeminate Ernst Eros erotic Ewers female Freud Freundesliebe Fridolin friendship German literature Geschlecht Geschwitz Hellbach heterosexual Hirschfeld Hirschfeld's theory homoerotic homoeroticism homosexual characters homosexual emancipation movement homosexual love homosexual relationships Homosexualitat homosexuelle Homosexuellen influence innate Jahrbuch fur sexuelle Jesko John Henry Mackay Karl Karl Heinrich Ulrichs Krafft-Ebing Kurt Leben Leipzig Leopold lesbian lesbian character literary discourse Lulu Mackay Magnus Hirschfeld major male homosexual Mann's Max Spohr medical model Menschen motifs narrator nature novel novella Ottilie Paragraph 175 pederasty physician play portrays Praetorius presentation of homosexuality role same-sex Scientific-Humanitarian Committee sexual orientation sexual preference Skaller social society story theme Theodor theory of homosexuality Third Sex Thomas Mann Tod in Venedig topic Torlefl Ulrichs unsere view of homosexuality Weib Wilhelmine period woman women