Papal Elections in the Age of Transition, 1878-1922

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Lexington Books, 2000 - Religion - 185 pages
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The startling changes that have taken place within the Catholic Church since World War II were the direct accomplishments of Pius XII and his successors. These modern popes, however, formed their policies and wrought these changes based on the work of four transitional popes who preceded them: Leo XIII (1878-1903), who re-established a direct link between the papacy and the lay communicant; Pius X (1903-1914), who was a conservative reactionary; and Benedict XV (1914-1922) and Pius XI (1922-1939), who revived and extended Leo's efforts to modernize the Church and its policies. Based largely on unpublished or ephemeral materials, Papal Elections in the Age of Transition recounts the stories of how these four men rose to the papal throne, including previously unpublished details of the conclaves. This fascinating narrative sheds new light on the rise to power of the popes who prepared the way for the Catholic Church at the dawn of the twenty-first century.
 

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Contents

A LONG DECLINE
1
THE SOCIALIST POPE
39
VETO
71
CONCLAVE IN WAR
95
THE ROMAN QUESTION
123
EPILOGUE
155
APPENDIX
159
SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY
167
INDEX
177
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
185
Copyright

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Page 168 - Pontificate dementis PP. VIII (1592) usque ad Pontificatum Alexandri PP. VII (1667). Per Patritium Gauchat, OMConv., Ph.D., STM (Monasterii: Ubr.

About the author (2000)

Francis A. Burkle-Young was a professor of history, English literature, and expository writing for many years. He has been a consultant for Newsweek and U.S. News & World Report on the workings of the Vatican. His most recent book is Passing the Keys: Modern Cardinals, Conclaves and the Election of the Next Pope (1999).

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