From Astruc to Zimmerli: Old Testament Scholarship in Three Centuries
In the humanities, if they are to remain alive, it is necessary to have a relationship to the thought as well as to the thinker from the past (Karl Rahner). Rudolf Smend attempts to establish such a relationship for one single branch of the humanities, which however can be seen as particularly paradigmatic. He does this in rough descriptions of 15 scholars who had a certain share in contributing to the history of Old Testament scholarship. He begins with the French physician Jean Astruc and the English Bishop Robert Lowth. Using the names for God, Astruc was the first to show that Genesis was based on various sources and manuscript traditions, and Lowth discovered the fundamental principle of Hebrew poetry (the parallelismus membrorum). At the end of the book the author discusses scholars whom he knew personally: Albrecht Alt, Gerhard v. Rad, Martin Noth, Isac Leo Seeligmann and Walther Zimmerli.
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Johann David Michaelis
Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette
Gerhard von Rad
Isac Leo Seeligmann
List of Abbreviations
Albrecht Alt already Alt's Alten Testaments ancient Astruc Basel Berlin Bible biblical called century chair Christian church commentary criticism Deuteronomy dissertation Duhm Duhm's edition Eichhorn Einleitung Elohist especially essay Ewald exegesis exegetical followed Genesis genre Gerhard von Rad German Gesammelte Studien Geschichte Gesenius GieBen Gottingen Gunkel Halle Hebrew Hermann Gunkel Hexateuch historiography Ibid important Isaiah Israel Israelite Jerusalem Jewish Johann Johann David Michaelis Julius Wellhausen Kuenen later learned lectures Leipzig literary Lowth Martin Noth Michaelis Moses Mowinckel never Noth Noth's Old Testament Old Testament scholar Old Testament scholarship Pentateuch Prael Praelectiones Priestly Priestly Code professor prophecy prophets psalms published pupil question Rad's religion scholarly Seeligmann semester Septuagint Smend studies teacher teaching theologian theology thesis things tion took tradition trans translation volume Wellhausen Wette Wette's whole Wilhelm Bousset words writings wrote Yahweh Zimmerli