Metaphysic

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General Books LLC, 2009 - 478 pages
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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.1884 Excerpt: ... INDEX. 'Absolute motion, ' 280 ff. 'Accidental views' (Herbart), 136. Action (at a distance), 316. Albumen, 394. Anaesthesia, 528. Antinomies (Kantian), 181 ff., 242 ff. Aristotle, 18, 56, 59, 81, 393, 402. Articular surfaces, 397. Association of Ideas, 465 ff. Atomism, 325 ff. Attention, 475, 478. Attraction, 313, 346, 348. Avogadro, 391. Baer (K. E. von), 403. Binary combinations, 394. Brain, injuries of, 528. Categories, 18. 'Causa transiens, ' 102. Cause (opp. 'Reason'), 95. Cause (and effect), 104 ff. Cellulose, 394. 'Cessante Causa--, ' 277. Checking of Ideas by Ideas, 460, 467. Chemistry, 390. Comparison, conditions of, 471. Conceptions (universal), 478. Consequent, 82 ff. Conservation (of Mass), 363.--(of Force), 367 ff. Constancy (of Mass), 337.--(of the sum of motions), 364. Contact, 101. Content ('Inhalf), 17 note. Continuity, Law of, 271. Contradiction, Law of, 304. Cosmology, 20. Darwin, 415. Depth, Idea of, 501. Descartes, 202, 298. 'Dcutsches Archiv fiir Klin. Med' quoted, 528. Dialectic method, 16. Difference (quantitative) Idea of, 471. 'Dim' Ideas, 462, cp. 479, 480. Disappearance of Sensations, 459. Distance (and force), 346, 356. Distinction, of points by Touch, 503. Drobisch, ill. tivayut, 81. Effect (and Cause), 104 ff. Electricity, 390. 'Elemente der Psychophysik' (Fechner), .Ma-Emotions (and the Interest of Ideas), Mpytw, 81. Epicurean Physics, 393. Equality, note, 47. Equality of Cause and Effect, 104. Equivalence, 338, 371. Euclidean Geometry, 208. Experience, 2, 3. Extra-impressions, or Local Signs, 48 7 ff. Eye, how we estimate movement of, 496. Fechner, ' Atomenlehre' 325, 426, 436.--'Elemente der Psychophysik? 442 ff.--and Weber, 454. Feeling 'Ge/uAl'), in the reproduction of Ideas, 458.--in initiation of action, 523.--and Memory, 5...

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About the author (2009)

Born in Bautzen and educated at Leipzig, Rudolf Hermann Lotze studied mathematics and physics before taking doctorates in both medicine and philosophy. He began teaching in the medical faculty at Leipzig in 1841, becoming professor of philosophy there in 1844. Lotze's main work is the three-volume "Mikrokosmos" (1856-64), although later he planned a more comprehensive account of his philosophy in three volumes, of which two, "Logic" (1874) and "Metaphysics" (1879), were completed. Lotze argued that it is not the function of metaphysics to ground empirical science by deducing its basic categories but only to analyze and clarify the concepts of the particular sciences, grounding itself on them and hence always remaining open to revision. This was to be a highly influential view in neo-Kantian, logical positivist, and analytical philosophy in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries. But Lotze's conception of philosophy also includes the idea that human beings have an impulse, founded on ethics, to go beyond what science can warrant in the interests of knowing and achieving the ultimate good. Thus, for Lotze philosophy leads to religion, which is ultimately not so much a matter of knowledge as of feeling, one that seeks a unified relation to the world and to human life as a meaningful whole.

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