Calumet Beginnings: Ancient Shorelines and Settlements at the South End of Lake Michigan
The landscape of the Calumet, an area that sits astride the Indiana-Illinois state line at the southern end of Lake Michigan was shaped by the glaciers that withdrew toward the end of the last ice age--about 45,000 years ago. In the years since, many natural forces, including wind, running water, and the waves of Lake Michigan, have continued to shape the land. The lake's modern and ancient shorelines have served as Indian trails, stagecoach routes, highways, and sites that have evolved into many of the cities, towns, and villages of the Calumet area. People have also left their mark on the landscape: Indians built mounds; farmers filled in wetlands; governments commissioned ditches and canals to drain marshes and change the direction of rivers; sand was hauled from where it was plentiful to where it was needed for urban and industrial growth. These thousands of years of weather and movements of peoples have given the Calumet region its distinct climate and appeal.
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In addition to clay, other quarries just outside the city mined sand and gravel from
the ancient Glenwood Shoreline. Blue Island, the site of several populous Indian
villages, was one of the first communities established in Cook County. In 1834 ...
The village was established where an eastern branch of the old Vincennes Trace
crossed the former shoreline. Two of the first settlers were James Barton and Job
Campbell, both of whom arrived in 1838. In 1846, Campbell and O. P Axtell ...
When the post office was established George (or Samuel) Churchill, the first IC
station manager, served as its first postmaster. In 1855, brothers Henry and
Conrad Zimmer opened a general store. In 1868, William Gottschalk established
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LibraryThing ReviewUser Review - kvrfan - LibraryThing
As this book details the very specific history of the area at the southern tip of Lake Michigan--with particular emphasis on its geologic history from the Ice Age onwards--it will admittedly have a ... Read full review
The Calumet Area
Forming the Landscapes
The Calumet Area before 1833
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