The Scalawags: Southern Dissenters in the Civil War and Reconstruction

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LSU Press, Sep 1, 2004 - History - 323 pages
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In The Scalawags, James Alex Baggett ambitiously uncovers the genesis of scalawag leaders throughout the former Confederacy. Using a collective biography approach, Baggett profiles 742 white southerners who supported Congressional Reconstruction and the Republican Party. He then compares and contrasts the scalawags with 666 redeemer-Democrats who opposed and eventually replaced them. Significantly, he analyzes this rich data by region -- the Upper South, the Southeast, and the Southwest -- as well as for the South as a whole. Baggett follows the life of each scalawag before, during, and after the war, revealing real personalities and not mere statistics. Examining such features as birthplace, vocation, estate, slaveholding status, education, political antecedents and experience, stand on secession, war record, and postwar political activities, he finds striking uniformity among scalawags. This is the first Southwide study of the scalawags, its scope and astounding wealth in quantity and quality of sources make it the definitive work on the subject.

 

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Contents

The South at MidCentury
3
The Dixiecrats and the Rise of Neobourbonism
28
The Presidential Election of 1952 and Southern State Politics
47
The Brown Decision and the Federal Government
58
The Reaction to the Brown Decision
67
The Citizens Councils
82
The Political Power Structure
108
Interposition
126
Part II
211
The Rationale of Massive Resistance
237
Little Rock and the Test of a Doctrine
251
The Climax of Massive Resistance
270
Southern Institutions
293
A Thermidorean Reaction
320
An Evaluation of Massive Resistance
340
Critical Essay on Authorities
347

g Third Party Politics in 1956 and the Search for Political Unity
150
Propaganda
170
Part I
190

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About the author (2004)

James Alex Baggett, retired dean and professor of history of Union University in Tennessee, lives in Atlanta. He is the author of two previous books, A History of Jackson Clinic and So Great a Cloud of Witnesses: Union University, 1823--2000.

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