Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment

Front Cover
Taylor & Francis, 2001 - Nature - 492 pages
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Environmental impact assessment (EIA) is now firmly established as an important and often obligatory part of proposing or launching any development project. Delivering a successful EIA needs not only an understanding of the theory but also a detailed knowledge of the methods for carrying out the processes required. Peter Morris and Riki Therivel bring together the latest advice on best practice from experienced practitioners to ensure an EIA is carried out correctly. This new edition:

• explains how an EIA works and how it should be carried out

• demonstrates the relationship of the EIA to socio-economic, environmental and ecological systems

• includes completely updated legislative and policy contexts

• has added explanations of shared and integrative methods including a new chapter on EIA and sustainability.

Invaluable to undergraduate and MSc students of EIA in planning, ecology, geography and environment courses, this third edition of Methods of Environmental Impact Assessment is also of great use to planners, EIA practitioners and professionals seeking to update their skills.

 

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Contents

Introduction
3
13 The current status of EIA
10
14 EIA legislation
11
15 Book structure
13
16 Integration of component assessments
15
17 The broader context and the future of EIA methods
16
References
18
Socioeconomic impacts 1 overview and economic impacts
20
104 Legislative background and interest groups
208
105 Scoping
213
106 Baseline studies on water quantity
219
107 Baseline studies on water quality
224
108 Impact prediction
229
109 Mitigation
237
References
239
Ecology overview and terrestrial systems
243

direct and indirect economic impacts
26
direct employment impacts
32
wider economic impacts
35
26 Mitigation and enhancement
38
27 Monitoring
39
References
40
Socioeconomic impacts 2 social impacts
42
33 Baseline studies
43
34 Impact prediction
47
35 Mitigation
57
36 Monitoring
58
37 Further reading
59
References
60
Noise
65
42 Definitions and concepts
66
43 Legislative background and interest groups
72
44 Scoping and baseline studies
74
45 Impact prediction
77
46 Mitigation
80
47 Monitoring
81
48 Conclusion
82
Transport
83
52 Definitions and concepts
84
53 Legislative background
85
54 Interest groups and sources of information
88
56 Impact prediction and evaluation
91
57 Mitigation measures
100
58 Monitoring
103
Landscape
105
63 Legislative background and interest groups
108
64 Baseline studies
111
65 Impact prediction
114
66 Mitigation and enhancement
116
67 Monitoring
118
68 Concluding issues
119
Archaeological and other material and cultural assets
122
73 Legislative background and interest groups
126
74 Scoping and baseline studies
130
75 Impact prediction
137
76 Mitigation and enhancement
140
77 Monitoring
142
References
143
Air quality and climate
145
82 Legislative background and interest groups
147
83 Scoping and baseline studies
153
84 Impact prediction
157
85 Mitigation
166
86 Monitoring
168
Soils geology and geomorphology
170
93 Definitions and concepts soils
171
94 Legislative background and interest groups
179
95 Scoping and baseline studies
181
96 Impact prediction
187
97 Mitigation
191
98 Monitoring
194
Water
197
102 Definitions and concepts of water quantity
198
103 Definitions and concepts of water quality
205
112 Definitions and concepts
244
113 Legislative background and interest groups
254
114 Scoping and baseline studies
259
115 Impact prediction
266
116 Mitigation
278
117 Monitoring
282
Freshwater ecology
286
123 Legislative background and interest groups
291
125 Impact prediction
297
126 Impact significance
302
127 Mitigation
304
128 Monitoring
310
References
311
Coastal ecology and geomorphology
315
133 Legislative background and interest groups
323
134 Scoping and baseline studies
326
135 Impact prediction
332
136 Mitigation
339
137 Monitoring
341
138 Conclusions
342
References
343
Shared and integrative methods
349
Environmental risk assessment and risk management
351
143 Legislative and policy background and interest groups
354
145 Different levels of risk analysis
359
146 Parallels between EIA and ERA
360
147 Opportunities and challenges for ERA
361
148 Risk communication
362
References
363
Environmental Remote Sensing RS
365
153 Sources of remote sensing information software and data
371
154 Applications of remote sensing with particular reference to EIA
372
155 Conclusion
376
References
377
Geographical Information Systems GIS and EIA
381
162 GIS concepts and techniques
382
163 GIS and environmental impact assessment
388
164 GIS in screening scoping and baseline studies
390
165 GIS in impact prediction
393
166 GIS in mitigation
397
167 GIS in monitoring
398
168 Conclusions
399
References
400
Quality of Life Capital
402
173 An example of the approach
404
175 Links between EIA and Quality of Life Capital
406
References
408
Acronyms addresses chemical symbols and quantitative units and symbols
409
UK environment and heritage authorities and agencies
414
Sources of historical information in the UK
416
Evaluating the conservation status of species habitats and sites
418
Publications on species conservation status distribution habitats and identification
431
Habitat vegetation and land classifications and their limitations
436
Phase 23 ecological sampling methods
455
Glossary
469
Index
479
Copyright

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About the author (2001)

Peter Morris divides his time between the UK and the USA. He writes for stage, television and film. he is the author of 'The Age of Consent'.

Riki Therivel is a sustainability consultant with Levett-Therivel sustainability consultants and a Visiting Professor at Oxford Brookes University 's School of Planning. She is the co-author of "The Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment" (Earthscan 1996), "Strategic Environmental Assessment" (Earthscan 1992) and several other books on environmental impact assessment.

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