The Intellectual Adventure of Ancient Man: An Essay of Speculative Thought in the Ancient Near East
University of Chicago Press, Jun 28, 2013 - Religion - 410 pages
The people in ancient times the phenomenal world was teeming with life; the thunderclap, the sudden shadow, the unknown and eerie clearing in the wood, all were living things. This unabridged edition traces the fascinating history of thought from the pre-scientific, personal concept of a "humanized" world to the achievement of detached intellectual reasoning.
The authors describe and analyze the spiritual life of three ancient civilizations: the Egyptians, whose thinking was profoundly influenced by the daily rebirth of the sun and the annual rebirth of the Nile; the Mesopotamians, who believed the stars, moon, and stones were all citizens of a cosmic state; and the Hebrews, who transcended prevailing mythopoeic thought with their cosmogony of the will of God. In the concluding chapter the Frankforts show that the Greeks, with their intellectual courage, were the first culture to discover a realm of speculative thought in which myth was overcome.
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accepted Anaximander ancient Anshar apparent Apsu assembly Atum authority Babylonian body called chaos chapter city-state command concept cosmic creation dead death deity desert divine earth Egypt Egyptian Enki Enlil Enuma elish evil experience expression faith father force function Gilgamesh God's goddess gods Greek Gudea heart heaven Hebrew thinkers Hebrew thought Heraclitus human Ibid Inanna individual intellectual Israel Israel's thought justice king Kingdom kingship Lahmu land live Lord ma'at man's Marduk means Mesopotamian myth mythopoeic thought nature Nile Ningirsu Ninhursaga Ninlil Ninmah notable Old Testament origin Osiris pharaoh phenomena primeval primitive problem prophets Ptah reality recognized relation religion religious righteousness rule ruler sense Shū social society speculative thought spirit storm story sun-god Tefnut temple thee things thinking thou Ti’amat tion transcendent universe unto Utnapishtim waters wisdom word Yahweh