419 Scam: Exploits of the Nigerian Con Man

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iUniverse, 2006 - True Crime - 158 pages
The "419" scam is an aspect of transnational financial crime with a 'modus operandi' peculiar to the Nigerian swindler.

The most recurrent type of transnational "419" scam is the "advance fee fraud". It is usually introduced in the form of a business contract, a transfer of stolen money or money from over-invoiced contract, the purchase of crude oil from Nigeria at a relatively cheap rate, and transfer of money left by a deceased person (will scam). In all situations, the victim is eventually lured into an endless period of advance fee payment. The "black money" scam is almost as popular as the advance fee fraud and is sometimes, practiced in continuation of advance fee scam. The victim is introduced to a large sum of money that needs to be cleaned by a special liquid solution. The victim parts with money upon the supposition that the black money would be cleaned and given to him. The con man gets away with the victim's money leaving him with a bunch of worthless papers.

The 419 Scam business is not restricted to defrauding foreigners. There are two groups of con men in Nigeria: The local and the International "419ners". The local groups specialize in defrauding Nigerians while the more advanced International syndicates fish out victims from Europe, America, Asia and South Africa. The local ones eventually grow to international status after they have made enough money to acquire computers, facsimile and telephone lines and other gadgets necessary for the scam business.

"Tive's insight of the perpetrators behind the advance fee fraud coupled with his knowledge on the topic show that he is a true authority on the subject."- Ralph A. Gonzales, Special Agent-in-Charge, United States Secret Service

"This book by Charles Tive is an excellent portrayal of the 419 scam, its operators, and its basic operations."-Gary M. Gibson, Regional Security Officer, U.S. Consulate Lagos.

".is a scholarly but readable summary of the history of and methods used by Nigerian scam / 419 operations."-The 419 Coalition, USA.


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Hello Everyone and please be aware of a 419 Nigerian Life Insurance Scam going on. I have been harassed for 2 years by a man named Alex Emelue. He claims he works for Alico Life Insurance Company or GT Life Insurance, ( his story changes several times ) he found out my Father passed away and said he had a $900,000.00 USD policy and needed
me to send $1,000 USD to him for handling fees and he would then release the draft check..He says all the records were destroyed in a fire but he managed to draft a phony policy and emailed it to me. It was horribly fake looking. This man sent me death threats when I refused to pay up and was very scary. Please know that that this man has no ties to the USA. He found me from a mutual friend we had in common on Face Book. I wish there was a way to upload this phony policy he sent me and a way I can put his picture here. PLEASE DO NOT ACCEPT ANY FRIEND REQUEST FROM AFRICIA AND ESPECIALLY NIGERIA. Block this man now on FB....He is very dangerous. My mistake was to converse with him to try and catch him. If contacted by anyone, block immediately please...


The origin and meaning of 419
Advance Fee Fraud
Black Money Scam
Credit card and Counterfeit checks
Suppression of 419 scam

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