Endgame in the Western Sahara: What Future for Africa's Last Colony

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Zed Books, 2004 - Political Science - 215 pages
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Why does this remote swathe of Sahara along the Atlantic seaboard concern the USA and Europe? Why does Morocco maintain its occupation? Why has the UN Security Council prevaricated for three decades while the Sahrawis live under Moroccan rule or as refugees?

In this revealing book, Toby Shelley examines the geopolitics involved. He brings out:

The little-known struggle of Sahrawis living under Moroccan rule to defend their identity.

USA/European competition for influence in the Maghreb.

The natural resources at stake -- rich fishing grounds, phosphates, and the prospect of oil.

The reasons behind the UN failure to resolve what is now Africa's last decolonisation issue.

The evolution of the USA-backed Baker Plan to settle the dispute.

How the Western Sahara's history and future is tangled up with Moroccan--Algerian rivalry.

The political development of Polisario, independence movement and state-in-waiting.

Toby Shelley has talked to Polisario, Moroccan, Algerian and other diplomats. He has visited the territory and had access to opposition activists and Moroccan officials. In the refugee camps he interviewed the leadership of Polisario. What emerges is that the fate of the Western Sahara is being moulded by global and regional forces and that it is the Sahrawis under Moroccan rule who are best placed to influence that fate.

 

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Contents

Introduction I
1
The Western Sahara and the Struggle
26
Unstable and Counting the Cost of
49
The Quest for Gold
61
Sahrawi Society under Occupation
81
The Years of Lead
97
An Identity Forged by Resistance
108
The Western Sahara and
128
The Unbroken Chain
187
Endgame
198
Index
208
Copyright

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About the author (2004)

Toby Shelley has reported from many countries in the Middle East, North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa over the course of 20 years as a journalist. He works for The Financial Times. Previously he was regional energy news editor for Dow Jones Newswires. He contributes regularly to The Middle East International. His published work includes chapters in several books published by Zed and Khamsin and a short work on Palestinian trade unions in the West Bank. He first visited the Sahrawi refugee camps in 1988 and has followed the issue for many years.
Toby Shelley has reported from many countries in the Middle East, North Africa and Sub-Saharan Africa over the course of 20 years as a journalist. He works for The Financial Times. Previously he was regional energy news editor for Dow Jones Newswires. He contributes regularly to The Middle East International. His published work includes chapters in several books published by Zed and Khamsin and a short work on Palestinian trade unions in the West Bank. He first visited the Sahrawi refugee camps in 1988 and has followed the issue for many years.

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