The End of the Pagan City: Religion, Economy, and Urbanism in Late Antique North Africa
This book focuses primarily on the end of the pagan religious tradition and the dismantling of its material form in North Africa (modern Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya) from the 4th to the 6th centuries AD. Leone considers how urban communities changed, why some traditions were lost and some others continued, and whether these carried the same value and meaning upon doing so. Addressing two main issues, mainly from an archaeological perspective, the volume explores the change in religious habits and practices, and the consequent recycling and reuse of pagan monuments and materials, and investigates to what extent these physical processes were driven by religious motivations and contrasts, or were merely stimulated by economic issues.
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1 Paganism and Christianity in Late Antique North Africa
Was there a Conversion from the Temple to the Church?
When did Paganism End?
Legacy of the Past or Economic Casualties?
Recycling in Late Antique Building Activity
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4th century Africa Proconsularis Antonine baths appears apse archaeological evidence architectural Astius Augustine baptistery Basilica Bassignano 1974 BCTH Bonacasa Carra building material Bulla Regia Byzacena Byzantine period c(larissimo Cagnat capitals Capitolium Carthage Caseau cella centres Chapter Christian chronology church CIL VIII cistern columns complex connected dated dedicated destruction detailed difficult discussion display Donatist elements emperors empire excavation fl(amen flamines fragments Franšaise de Rome function Gauckler Goodchild 1953 identified ILAlg imperial cult indicates inscription Justinianic Kenrick l’Afrique du Nord Lambaesis large number Late Antiquity legislation Leone Lepcis Magna Lepelley Leptis Mactaris Maison Maius marble decorations Merlin monuments North Africa Numidia p(er)p(etuus pagan Paris Pensabene perpetuus phase points practice probably public spaces recorded recycling refers religious restoration reused Roman Saastamoinen 2010 Sabratha sacrifices Saturn specific spoliation statuary Sufetula suggested temple theatre traditions transformed Tripolitana urban v(iro Vandal period Ward-Perkins and Goodchild