Fundamentals of Biogeography
Fundamentals of Biogeography presents an accessible, engaging and comprehensive introduction to biogeography, explaining the ecology, geography, history and conservation of animals and plants. Starting with an outline of how species arise, disperse, diversify and become extinct, the book examines: how environmental factors (climate, substrate, topography, and disturbance) influence animals and plants; investigates how populations grow, interact and survive; how communities form and change; and explores the connections between biogeography and conservation.
The second edition has been extensively revised and expanded throughout to cover new topics and revisit themes from the first edition in more depth. Illustrated throughout with informative diagrams and attractive photos and including guides to further reading, chapter summaries and an extensive glossary of key terms, Fundamentals of Biogeography clearly explains key concepts in the history, geography and ecology of life systems. In doing so, it tackles some of the most topical and controversial environmental and ethical concerns including species over-exploitation, the impacts of global warming, habitat fragmentation, biodiversity loss and ecosystem restoration.
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abiotic Adapted adaptive radiation alpine animals and plants Australia biodiversity biogeography biomass biomes biotic birds boreal breeding carnivores cent climatic change colonization communities competition conservation corridors cycles density dispersal distribution disturbance diversity dominant ecological ecosystems ecozones edge edge species effects endemic environment environmental evolution evolutionary evolved example factors families fauna Figure forest gene genera genetic geographical global Gondwana grass grassland grazing grey squirrel groups grow growth habitat herbivores Holocene human increase individuals insects inselbergs interaction islands land landscape lemur levels living malleefowl mammals marsupial mass extinctions metapopulation million years ago montane mountain niche North America northern number of species occur organisms patches pattern pest plant species Pleistocene population predators prey produce protocooperation purple moor-grass range regions reserves rock seeds shrubs slopes soil Source South speciation species richness squirrel survive temperature tion trees tropical vegetation wetlands woodland zone