Horace in Dialogue: Bakhtinian Readings in the Satires
Horace’s Satires have a distinctly dialogic quality – not for nothing does Horace himself choose to call these poems sermones, ‘conversations’. Even when formally presented as monologues, the Satires seem to be speeches actively addressed to their recipients, cognisant of their audiences, and full of the ‘voices’ of others. This book applies theories on dialogue by the twentieth-century Russian thinker Mikhail Bakhtin to Horace’s Satires. Bakhtinian key concepts such as polyphony, heteroglossia, addressivity and authoritative discourse are investigated and found to be useful in understanding Horace’s work.
Far from getting bogged down in theory, however, this is a book which uses some of Bakhtin’s ideas to tease out fresh insights into Horace’s Satires. The author reads Horace’s poems as ‘little dramas’ – interactions between speakers, interlocutors, addressees, and audiences. What is Horace’s real motive for lecturing on miserly greed in his first satire? Who is the modern Hollywood star whom Horace most closely resembled? What is Horace doing while Damasippus rattles on, recounting the words of his guru Stertinius, in Satires 2.3? The answers to these and other questions are suggested in this book.
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actual audience adloc adultery appears argue argument attack attributed authoritative discourse Bakhtin Bakhtinian Bion book of Satires Carnival Chrysippus context contrast conversation criticism Cupiennius Damasippus Damasippus and Davus Damasippus-Stertinius Davus dialogic diatribe Dostoevsky end of Sat example formal Freudenburg 1993 friends genre heteroglossia Horace plays Horace's character Horace's Satires Horace's second book Horatian satire ibid idea imaginary interlocutor internally persuasive ironically joke lecture liber sermonum lines listener literary Lucilius Lucretius Maecenas main speaker master matrona mode monologue moral moralising satires Muecke Mukarovsky novel of'diatribe Ofellus Paradoxa Stoicorum patron Pausias philosophical poem poet polyphony present reference relationship reversals rhetorical role Roman Rudd Sallust satire's end Satires Book satires of Book satires of Horace satirist Saturnalia scholars second person singular second satire seen self-satire sermon servile sexual slave someone speech Stertinius Stoic Stoic paradox Stoicism style stylistic suggests target third satire Tigellius triad utterance voices