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Abdagases AEQN Agathocles Antialcidas Antimachus Antiochus Apollodotus Arsaces Attic Standard Ayasa Azes Azilises Bactria barbarous BAZIAEQZ BAZI BAzmEnz bound with ﬁllet Bronze Bust chiton chlamys clad club corn and spear Cunningham Demetrius diad Diodotus Dioscuri ear of corn elephant elephant-goad emerging from clouds Eucratides Euthydemus facing ﬁeld ﬁnd ﬁre ﬁrst century ﬂames Gondophares Greek kings hand advanced head Heliocles helmet Herakles Hermaeus himation holds ear holds sceptre holds spear holds wreath Hooerkes horseback India inscr inscriptions Kabul Valley Kadaphes Kadphises Kanerkes legend long sceptre Maharajasa mahatasa Male deity Manes Mdhdrajasa MEI'AAOY Menander Moon-god Nanaia Nike nimbate O. C. Pl Obverse OKPO Orthagnes Pali Pallas Panjab Parthian Persian portrait radiate rajarajasa reign Reverse rulers Sallet Sanabares Satrap Scythic Scythic kings seated shoulder Similar Siva Sophytes Spalagadames Spalahores Spalirises square standing Strato successors Sun-god sword throne thunderbolt tradatasa trident uncertain letter Vonones Yueh-chi Zeionises Zeus
Page lvii - Plates), and the effect of them is heightened in each case by the introduction of a peculiar and strongly characteristic head-dress, that is rendered with scrupulous exactness of detail, (ii) The decidedly Praxitelean character of the full-length figure of the deities on the reverse.
Page lxviii - Attic standard weigh 132 grains and the drachm 66 grains, and it is also admitted that from the time of Eucratides the Greek kings of Bactria adopted a native standard. This new standard seems to be identical with that called by metrologists the Persian, on which [silver] coins were struck in all parts of the Persian empire, notably the Sigli stamped with the figure of the Persian king, which must have freely circulated in the northern parts of India that paid tribute to the king. Whether the reason...
Page lviii - Maues' successors, Azes and Azilises, are there types of the same class. A careful consideration of these facts will convince us that by some means or other, Maues and his race secured the services of artists who had been instructed by the Greeks, but were not fettered by Greek traditions.
Page 148 - Siva facing, three headed, nimbate; clad only in waist-band, itiphallic; has four arms and hands in which are goat, wheel, trident and thunderbolt.
Page xxxv - Certain common features, types and monograms help us in reconstructing the history of many of these Greek rulers and give us a clue to their chronology and mutual relationships. In 1886, Percy Gardner, the author of the British Museum Catalogue, however, thought otherwise : "Any attempt finally to arrange the kings in dynastic lists by means of the types and legends which they use is destined to failure,
Page xxxvii - Panjab and N.-W. India, while the others are found over a much wider area, including the " Upper Kabul Valley in the north, Kandahar and Roh in the west and east, and Sindh in the south.
Page liii - ... Indo-Parthian Coins : Kushana Coins. Greek Language : Greek language in Greek characters : On the coins of earlier kings from Diodotus to Demetrius, Greek legends only were employed. After that time we find usually Greek on one side of the coin only. It is however quite evident that Greek letters and Greek language were generally understood in northern India and in Kabul as late as the second century AD...
Page lv - If these could be read and interpreted, there can be no doubt that they would afford us most valuable information. But they present the greatest difficulties.