An Investigation Concerning the State: The Collected Works of Edith Stein, vol 10

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ICS Publications, 2006 - Philosophy - 202 pages
Any state exists only for the benefit of human beings. This basic tenet of Edith Stein's political thought rests on her conviction that humanity is fundamentally one community, precious beyond measure. Differences of race, culture, and language offer us means to grasp the values of life uniquely so that we may share them universally, reaching across all such social boundaries. Stein wrote this treatise in the early days of the Weimar Republic, shortly after the First World War. It sets forth a philosophy of law, government, and administration that is at once idealistic and practical. What is right, Stein argues, does not arise from legislation or litigation or politics. Right relations, as such, are more basic than any institution. Here, too, are Stein's first serious discussions of religious issues such as quilt, expiation, and freedom of conscience. This is the philosophical work that immediately preceded her decision to be baptized on January 1, 1922. Whether ironically or predictably, Stein was put to death twenty years later by a state that brazenly defied nearly every principle that she had defended in this treatise. In death she bore personal witness to the unity and dignity of the human race. She perished with her people, Jews and Christians alike, at Auschwitz in August 1942.!--[if gte mso 9] Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 ![endif]--!--[if gte mso 9] ![endif]--!--[if gte mso 10] ![endif]--
 

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Contents

The ontic fabric of the state l
1
2 State and law
37
e Sovereignty as conditio sine qua non
66
g Law and state in the Middle Ages
83
i The legal foundations for transactions
89
k Delimitation of the proxy power of state
96
The concrete pattern of the state
104
d The limits in principle to the states might
111
e State and political functions Decline
122
H The state from perspectives of value
147
4 The state and moral values
154
5 The state as carrier of historic process
178
6 State and religion
184
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About the author (2006)

Edith Stein, saintly Carmelite, profound philosopher
and brilliant writer, had a great influence on the
women of her time, and is having a growing
influence in the intellectual and philosophical
circles of today’s Germany and of the whole world.
She is an inspiration to all Christians whose
heritage is the Cross, and her life was offered for
her own Jewish people in their sufferings and
persecutions.

Born on October 12, 1891, of Jewish parents,
Siegried Stein and Auguste Courant, in Breslau,
Germany, Edith Stein from her earliest years
showed a great aptitude for learning, and by
the time of the outbreak of World War I, she
had studied philology and philosophy at the
universities of Breslau and Goettingen.

After the war, she resumed her higher studies at
the University of Freiburg and was awarded her
doctorate in philosophy Suma Cum Laude. She later
became the assistant and collaborator of Professor
Husserl, the famous founder of phenomenology,
who greatly appreciated her brilliant mind.

In the midst of all her studies, Edith Stein was
searching not only for the truth, but for Truth
itself and she found both in the Catholic Church,
after reading the autobiography of Saint Teresa
of Avila. She was baptized on New Year’s Day,
1922.

After her conversion, Edith spent her days
teaching, lecturing, writing and translating,and
she soon became known as a celebrated
philosopher and author, but her own great
longing was for the solitude and contemplation
of Carmel, in which she could offer herself to
God for her people. It was not until the Nazi
persecution of the Jews brought her public
activities and her influence in the Catholic
world to a sudden close that her Benedictine
spiritual director gave his approval to her
entering the Discalced Carmelite Nuns’
cloistered community at Cologne-Lindenthal
on 14 October 1933. The following April, Edith
received the Habit of Carmel and the religious
name of "Teresia Benedicta ac Cruce," and on
Easter Sunday, 21 April 1935, she made her
Profession of Vows.

When the Jewish persecution increased in violence
and fanaticism, Sister Teresa Benedicta soon
realized the danger that her presence was to the
Cologne Carmel, and she asked and received
permission to transfer to a foreign monastery.
On the night of 31 December 1938, she secretly
crossed the border into Holland where she was
warmly received in the Carmel of Echt. There she
wrote her last work, The Science of the Cross.

Her own Cross was just ahead of her, for the

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