History of Strength of Materials: With a Brief Account of the History of Theory of Elasticity and Theory of Structures

Front Cover
Courier Corporation, Jan 1, 1983 - Technology & Engineering - 452 pages
Strength of materials is that branch of engineering concerned with the deformation and disruption of solids when forces other than changes in position or equilibrium are acting upon them. The development of our understanding of the strength of materials has enabled engineers to establish the forces which can safely be imposed on structure or components, or to choose materials appropriate to the necessary dimensions of structures and components which have to withstand given loads without suffering effects deleterious to their proper functioning.
This excellent historical survey of the strength of materials with many references to the theories of elasticity and structures is based on an extensive series of lectures delivered by the author at Stanford University, Palo Alto, California. Timoshenko explores the early roots of the discipline from the great monuments and pyramids of ancient Egypt through the temples, roads, and fortifications of ancient Greece and Rome. The author fixes the formal beginning of the modern science of the strength of materials with the publications of Galileo's book, "Two Sciences," and traces the rise and development as well as industrial and commercial applications of the fledgling science from the seventeenth century through the twentieth century.
Timoshenko fleshes out the bare bones of mathematical theory with lucid demonstrations of important equations and brief biographies of highly influential mathematicians, including: Euler, Lagrange, Navier, Thomas Young, Saint-Venant, Franz Neumann, Maxwell, Kelvin, Rayleigh, Klein, Prandtl, and many others. These theories, equations, and biographies are further enhanced by clear discussions of the development of engineering and engineering education in Italy, France, Germany, England, and elsewhere. 245 figures.
 

What people are saying - Write a review

We haven't found any reviews in the usual places.

Contents

Introduction
1
ELASTIC CURVES
25
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY
41
structural materials in the eighteenth century
54
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1800 AND 1833
67
Strength of materials in England between 1800 and 1833
98
Other notable European contributions to strength of materials
100
THE BEGINNING OF THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELAS TICITY 25 Equations of equilibrium in the theory of elasticity
104
Duhamel and Phillips
242
Franz Neumann
246
G R Kirchhoff
252
A Clebsch
255
Lord Kelvin
260
James Clerk Maxwell
268
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE PERIOD 18671900
276
The work of 0 Mohr
283

Cauchy
107
Poisson
111
G Lamé and B P E Clapeyron
114
The theory of plates
119
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS BETWEEN 1833 AND 1867
123
The growth of German engineering schools
129
SaintVenants contributions to the theory of bending of beams
135
Jourawskis analysis of shearing stresses in beams
141
Continuous beams
144
Bresse
146
E Winkler
152
STRENGTH OF MATERIALS IN THE EVOLUTION OF RAILWAY ENGINEERING 37 Tubular bridges
156
Early investigations on fatigue of metals
162
The work of Wöhler
167
Moving loads
173
Impact
178
The early stages in the theory of trusses
181
K Culmann
190
W J Macquorn Rankine
197
J C Maxwells contributions to the theory of structures
202
Problems of elastic stability Column formulas
208
Theory of retaining walls and arches between 1833 and 1867
210
THE MATHEMATICAL THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1833
216
Early work in elasticity at Cambridge University
222
Stokes
225
50a Barré de SaintVenant
229
The semiinverse method
233
The later work of SaintVenant
238
Strain energy and Castiglianos theorem
288
Elastic stability problems
293
August Föppl
299
THEORY OF STRUCTURES IN THE PERIOD 18671900
304
Deflection of trusses
311
Statically indeterminate trusses
316
Arches and retaining walls
323
THEORY OF ELASTICITY BETWEEN 1867 AND 1900
328
Lord Rayleigh
334
Theory of elasticity in England between 1867 and 1900
339
Theory of elasticity in Germany between 1867 and 1900
344
71a Solutions of twodimensional problems between 1867
350
PROGRESS IN STRENGTH OF MATERIALS DURING THE TWEN TIETH CENTURY
354
Properties of materials within the elastic limit
355
Fracture of brittle materials
358
Testing of ductile materials
362
Strength theories
368
Creep of metals at elevated temperatures
372
Fatigue of metals
377
Experimental stress analysis
383
THEORY OF ELASTICITY DURING THE PERIOD 19001950
389
Ludwig Prandt
392
Approximate methods of solving elasticity problems
397
THEORY OF STRUCTURES DURING THE PERIOD 19001950
422
Name Index
441
Subject Index
449
Copyright

Other editions - View all

Common terms and phrases

About the author (1983)

The father of modern engineering mechanics, Stephen Timoshenko (1868–1972) taught for decades at Stanford University. His seminal engineering texts remain in wide use.

Bibliographic information