Rural Landscapes of the Punic World
Phoenician and Punic archaeology have long been overlooked by Mediterranean archaeologists, who focused their attention on Greek and Roman cultures. Although the Punic cities and their rural landscapes are to be found along the southern shores and on the islands of the western Mediterranean basin, comprehensive studies of these archaeological remains are virtually non-existent. This book investigates Punic rural settlement in the western Mediterranean by bringing together and comparing the currently dispersed existing evidence for rural Punic settlement. The core of the volume is accordingly made up by a detailed discussion of the archaeological evidence for Punic rural settlement from Sardinia, Sicily, Ibiza, mainland Spain and North Africa. Because agriculture and agrarian produce have always been assumed to have played a critical role in the Carthaginian colonial expansion, the connections between the various colonial contexts and the local characteristics of rural organisation are explored in detail in order to enhance our understanding of these colonial contexts. This in turn provides better insight into Carthaginian colonialism and local Punic rural settlement and their role in the wider Mediterranean context. By publishing this evidence and these interpretations in English, the authors hope to draw attention to Punic archaeology in general and to these rural studies in particular, and to situate them in the wider Mediterranean context of both classical Antiquity and Mediterranean archaeology.
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Representation Analogy and Ideology
the Making of New Landscapes
Landscapes of Tradition
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3rd century bc 4th century bc Acquaro agrarian amphorae Andalusia Appian archaeological evidence Barreca Bartoloni Black Gloss building burials Cadiz Cape Bon Carthage Carthaginian centres century bc onwards Cerro Chapter coast coastal colonial settlements contexts countryside courtyard d'Hort Diodorus district documented Dommelen edited established etal excavated Fantar farms farmsteads fieldwork Figure finds Gomez Bellard Greek hilltop hinterland Iberian Ibiza town indigenous inhabitants interpretation investigated island Jerba Lancel land large number Lopez Castro Malta Marmilla Mediterranean Monte Sirai Mozia Neapolis Nora North Africa nuraghe olive organisation Pantelleria peninsula Phoenician Phoenician and Punic Phoenician settlements Phoenician-Punic pottery production projects Punic amphorae Punic period Punic rural settlement Punic world recorded regions remains ritual Riu Mannu Roman Rome rural cemeteries rural settlement rural sites Sardinia settlement patterns Sicilian Channel Sicily situated small number sq km substantial suggest systematic surveys Terralba topographic studies urban valley villages western Mediterranean western Sicily yielded Zucca