Classic American Philosophers: Peirce, James, Royce, Santayana, Dewey, Whitehead : Selections from Their Writings
Max Harold Fisch
Fordham Univ Press, 1996 - Philosophy - 501 pages
It is increasingly apparant that American philosophy has had its classical period, corresponding to the Greek classical period - Democritus through Aristotle; the medieval - Christian Abelard through Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus; The British - Bacon through Hume; and the German - Kant through Hegel. America's classical period began just after the Civil War and ended just before the Second World War. Its canon is already nearly fixed, and it includes six philosophers: Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, Josiah Royce, George Santayana, John Dewey, and Alfred North Whitehead. The primary purpose of this voume is to introduce these philosophers to readers who do not yet know their writings at first hand. The writings of each of these philosophers is enhanved by a thoughtful introduction to each. The volume as a whole is framed by a detailed introduction exlporing these philosopher's place in America's Classic Period of Philosophy. The book is perfect for beginning students of or enthusiasts about American philosophy and philosophy in general. The text is followed by an appendix which makes suggestions for further readings produced by these classic American philosophers.
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CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE
1 The Fixation of Belief
2 How to Make Our Ideas Clear
3 The Architecture of Theories
4 The Doctrine of Necessity Examined
1 What Pragmatism Means
5 The Religion of Loyalty
1 Scepticism and Animal Faith
2 Reason in Ethics
3 Ultimate Religion
1 The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy
2 The Supremacy of Method
2 The Will to Believe
3 Does Consciousness Exist?
4 The Continuity of Experience
5 The Moral Philosopher and the Moral Life
1 The Nature of Community
4 Science and the Progress of Christianity
3 The Construction of Good
4 Science and Society
5 Creative DemocracyThe Task Before Us
ALFRED NORTH WHITEHEAD
1 Nature and Life
2 Speculative Philosophy
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absolute abstract action actual Adventures of Ideas Alfred North Whitehead animal belief called character Charles Peirce Charles Sanders Peirce Chauncey Wright complete conceived conception consciousness consequences definition Descartes Dewey Dewey's doctrine doubt empiricism ence Essays essence ethical existence experience expression external fact faith feeling function future George Santayana human hypothesis ideal ideas individual intellectual intelligence interpretation intuition James's John Dewey Josiah Royce knowledge living logic matter meaning mental merely metaphysical Metaphysical Club method mind moral nature necessitarian notion object occasion opinion Peirce Peirce's perception philos philosophy physical possible practical pragmatism present principle problem Process and Reality proposition purpose question rational rational ethics realm reason relations religion religious Royce Royce's Santayana scepticism scientific sense social spirit supposed teleology theory things thought tion true truth unity universe values Whitehead whole York
Page 23 - The truth of an idea is not a stagnant property inherent in it. Truth happens to an idea. It becomes true, is made true by events. Its verity is in fact an event, a process: the process namely of its verifying itself, its veri-fication. Its validity is the process of its valid-ation.
Page 14 - There is the greatest difference between presuming an opinion to be true, because with every opportunity for contesting it it has not been refuted, and assuming its truth for the purpose of not permitting its refutation. Complete liberty of contradicting and disproving our opinion is the very condition which justifies us in assuming its truth for purposes of action; and on no other terms can a being with human faculties have any rational assurance of being right.