The Red Army Faction, a Documentary History: Volume 1: Projectiles for the People

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J. Smith, Andre Moncourt
PM Press, Feb 1, 2009 - Political Science - 736 pages
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The first in a two-volume series, as part of a co-publishing project between PM Press and Kersplebedeb, is by far the most in-depth political history of the Red Army Faction ever made available in English. Projectiles for the People starts its story in the days following World War II, showing how American imperialism worked hand in glove with the old pro-Nazi ruling class, shaping West Germany into an authoritarian anti-communist bulwark and launching pad for its aggression against Third World nations. The volume also recounts the opposition that emerged from intellectuals, communists, independent leftists, and then – explosively – the radical student movement and countercultural revolt of the 1960s. It was from this revolt that the Red Army Faction emerged, an underground organization devoted to carrying out armed attacks within the Federal Republic of Germany, in the view of establishing a tradition of illegal, guerilla resistance to imperialism and state repression. Through its bombs and manifestos the RAF confronted the state with opposition at a level many activists today might find difficult to imagine. For the first time ever in English, this volume presents all of the manifestos and communiqués issued by the RAF between 1970 and 1977, from Andreas Baader’s prison break, through the 1972 May Offensive and the 1974 hostage-taking in Stockholm, to the desperate, and tragic, events of the “German Autumn” of 1977. The RAF’s three main manifestos – The Urban Guerilla Concept, Serve the People, and Black September – are included, as are important interviews with Spiegel and le Monde Diplomatique, and a number of communiqués and court statements explaining their actions. Providing the background information that readers will require to understand the context in which these events occurred, separate thematic sections deal with the 1976 murder of Ulrike Meinhof in prison, the 1977 Stammheim murders, the extensive use of psychological operations and false-flag attacks to discredit the guerilla, the state’s use of sensory deprivation torture and isolation wings, and the prisoners’ resistance to this, through which they inspired their own supporters and others on the left to take the plunge into revolutionary action. Drawing on both mainstream and movement sources, this book is intended as a contribution to the comrades of today – and to the comrades of tomorrow – both as testimony to those who struggled before and as an explanation as to how they saw the world, why they made the choices they made, and the price they were made to pay for having done so. With a preface by North American class war prisoner Bill Dunne, a revolutionary captured in 1979 following a shoot out with police in Seattle, Washington.
 

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Contents

Postfascist Germany and the Continuing Appeal of I mperialism
3
2 The ReEmergence of Revolutionary Politics in West Germany
19
3 Taking up the Gun
45
4 Building a Base and Serving the P eople
107
Bringing the War Home
163
A Statement from Behind Bars
187
Sensory Deprivation Torture and the Struggle Behind Bars
237
the Stockholm Action
325
14 The Stammheim Deaths
511
15 On the Defensive
521
Appendices
543
Dramatis Personae
563
A Chronology
579
Note on Sources and Methodology
629
Bibliography
632
Index
661

Countering Psychological Warfare
343
10 The Murder of Ulrike Meinhof
381
11 Meanwhile Elsewhere on the Left an intermission of sorts
433
12 Back to the RAF
453
13 Daring to Struggle Failing to Win
469
The Authors
694
About PM
696
Friends of PM
697
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About the author (2009)

J. Smith is the pseudonym of an activist who has been involved in the radical left for more than 20 years.

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