The Perfect Servant: Eunuchs and the Social Construction of Gender in Byzantium
The Perfect Servant reevaluates the place of eunuchs in Byzantium. Kathryn Ringrose uses the modern concept of gender as a social construct to identify eunuchs as a distinct gender and to illustrate how gender was defined in the Byzantine world. At the same time she explores the changing role of the eunuch in Byzantium from 600 to 1100.
Accepted for generations as a legitimate and functional part of Byzantine civilization, eunuchs were prominent in both the imperial court and the church. They were distinctive in physical appearance, dress, and manner and were considered uniquely suited for important roles in Byzantine life. Transcending conventional notions of male and female, eunuchs lived outside of normal patterns of procreation and inheritance and were assigned a unique capacity for mediating across social and spiritual boundaries. This allowed them to perform tasks from which prominent men and women were constrained, making them, in essence, perfect servants.
Written with precision and meticulously researched, The Perfect Servant will immediately take its place as a major study on Byzantium and the history of gender.
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acculturation aﬀect ambiguity Andrew angels appearance assumptions attributes Basil Basil II bearded body Byzantine culture Byzantine society Byzantine sources Byzantine world Byzantium castrated celibacy ceremonial chapter chief eunuch Chrysostom church Constantine Constantine VII Constantinople court eunuch Daniel Defense of Eunuchs deﬁned diﬀerent diﬃcult discussion emperor empress escorted Euphratas ﬁgures ﬁnd ﬁrst ﬂesh Galen gender categories gender construct God’s Greek Hagia Sophia hagiographical holy honored identiﬁed imperial important individuals John John Chrysostom Justinian Kedrenos koubikoularios language Late Antiquity Lekapenos Leo the Deacon male masculine Metrios Michael Michael Psellos monastery monk Narses Nikephoros Nikephoros Bryennios Niketas nuchs oﬀ oﬀer oﬃce oﬃcials palace patriarch perfect servants physical Prokopios prophet Psellos reﬂected rhetorical roles Roman saint Samonas says Sergios served sexual Skyl social speciﬁc spiritual staﬀ Staurakios story suggests Symeon Metaphrastes tenth century testicles Theophanes Theophanes the Confessor Theophylaktos tion tradition Vita of St women
Ammians Vorwürfe gegen die Eunuchen in seinen Res Gestae
Limited preview - 2007
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