## Astrophysical ConceptsTwenty-five years have passed since the first edition of Astrophysical Concepts appeared. During this time astrophysics has undergone major revolutions. We have gained new perspectives on the Universe with the aid ofpowerful gamma-ray, X ray, and infrared telescopes, whose sensitivities could not have been imagined a quarter-century earlier. We have become expert at snaring neutrinos to gain insight on nuclear processes at work in the Sun and supernovae. We have direct evidence for the existence of neutron stars and gravitational waves, and persuasive arguments for the detection of black holes on scales of individual stars as weH as galactic nuclei. With so much that is new, and so many new problems revealed by knowledge al ready gained, almost all parts ofthis book had to be reconsidered and rewritten. In the second edition, which appeared ten years ago, I had only added a chapter on the formation of galaxies, stars, and planets. For this third edition, such piecemeal mea sures no longer seemed appropriate. Much ofthe book has been completely revised. My principal aim in this third edition, as before, was to present a wide range of astrophysical topics in sufficient depth to give the reader a general quantitative understanding ofthe subject. The book outlines cosmic events but does not portray them in detail-it provides aseries of astrophysical sketches. I think this approach still befits the prevailing uncertainties and rapidly evolving views in astrophysics. |

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#### LibraryThing Review

User Review - jamessavik - LibraryThingSpringer-Verlag's Astronomy & Astrophysics Library is excellent as is this book. It covers the basic astrophysical concepts and the math behind them with rigor. This volume covers gravity ... Read full review

### Contents

II | 1 |

III | 3 |

IV | 5 |

V | 9 |

VI | 10 |

VII | 13 |

VIII | 21 |

IX | 26 |

CXXXV | 299 |

CXXXVI | 301 |

CXXXVII | 303 |

CXXXVIII | 307 |

CXXXIX | 310 |

CXL | 313 |

CXLI | 315 |

CXLII | 322 |

X | 35 |

XI | 38 |

XII | 40 |

XIII | 41 |

XIV | 42 |

XV | 44 |

XVI | 49 |

XVII | 50 |

XX | 51 |

XXI | 53 |

XXII | 54 |

XXV | 55 |

XXVIII | 57 |

XXX | 60 |

XXXI | 61 |

XXXII | 63 |

XXXIII | 66 |

XXXIV | 67 |

XXXV | 68 |

XXXVI | 69 |

XXXVII | 73 |

XXXVIII | 75 |

XXXIX | 77 |

XL | 78 |

XLI | 80 |

XLII | 81 |

XLIII | 82 |

XLIV | 83 |

XLV | 85 |

XLVI | 88 |

XLVII | 90 |

XLVIII | 92 |

XLIX | 93 |

L | 97 |

LI | 98 |

LII | 103 |

LIV | 106 |

LV | 109 |

LVI | 111 |

LVII | 112 |

LVIII | 113 |

LIX | 115 |

LX | 117 |

LXI | 120 |

LXII | 121 |

LXIII | 127 |

LXIV | 130 |

LXV | 133 |

LXVI | 134 |

LXVII | 135 |

LXVIII | 136 |

LXIX | 138 |

LXX | 139 |

LXXI | 142 |

LXXII | 145 |

LXXIII | 149 |

LXXIV | 150 |

LXXV | 154 |

LXXVI | 158 |

LXXVII | 160 |

LXXVIII | 162 |

LXXIX | 164 |

LXXX | 166 |

LXXXI | 167 |

LXXXII | 169 |

LXXXIII | 170 |

LXXXIV | 172 |

LXXXV | 174 |

LXXXVI | 178 |

LXXXVII | 179 |

LXXXVIII | 181 |

LXXXIX | 182 |

XC | 183 |

XCI | 185 |

XCII | 187 |

XCIV | 189 |

XCVI | 192 |

XCVII | 193 |

XCVIII | 195 |

XCIX | 196 |

C | 198 |

CI | 200 |

CII | 204 |

CIII | 209 |

CIV | 210 |

CV | 212 |

CVI | 213 |

CVII | 215 |

CVIII | 220 |

CIX | 222 |

CX | 224 |

CXI | 228 |

CXII | 232 |

CXIII | 233 |

CXIV | 234 |

CXV | 236 |

CXVI | 241 |

CXVII | 242 |

CXVIII | 246 |

CXIX | 253 |

CXX | 254 |

CXXI | 258 |

CXXII | 261 |

CXXIII | 263 |

CXXIV | 265 |

CXXV | 271 |

CXXVI | 274 |

CXXVII | 276 |

CXXVIII | 280 |

CXXIX | 284 |

CXXX | 287 |

CXXXI | 290 |

CXXXII | 293 |

CXXXIII | 294 |

CXXXIV | 296 |

CXLIII | 325 |

CXLIV | 329 |

CXLV | 331 |

CXLVI | 332 |

CXLVII | 333 |

CXLVIII | 338 |

CXLIX | 343 |

CL | 344 |

CLI | 346 |

CLII | 351 |

CLIII | 360 |

CLIV | 365 |

CLV | 367 |

CLVI | 373 |

CLVII | 377 |

CLVIII | 379 |

CLIX | 384 |

CLX | 388 |

CLXI | 390 |

CLXII | 392 |

CLXIII | 394 |

CLXIV | 400 |

CLXV | 403 |

CLXVII | 407 |

CLXVIII | 409 |

CLXIX | 410 |

CLXX | 413 |

CLXXII | 415 |

CLXXIII | 416 |

CLXXIV | 419 |

CLXXV | 423 |

CLXXVI | 427 |

CLXXVII | 431 |

CLXXVIII | 432 |

CLXXIX | 434 |

CLXXX | 436 |

CLXXXI | 439 |

CLXXXII | 440 |

CLXXXIII | 441 |

CLXXXIV | 443 |

CLXXXV | 447 |

CLXXXVI | 455 |

CLXXXVII | 457 |

CLXXXIX | 460 |

CXC | 463 |

CXCII | 465 |

CXCIII | 468 |

CXCIV | 469 |

CXCV | 470 |

CXCVI | 474 |

CXCVII | 478 |

CXCVIII | 483 |

CXCIX | 485 |

CC | 488 |

CCI | 489 |

CCII | 492 |

CCIII | 493 |

CCIV | 494 |

CCV | 496 |

CCVI | 497 |

CCVII | 499 |

CCVIII | 503 |

CCX | 504 |

CCXI | 505 |

CCXII | 508 |

CCXIII | 510 |

CCXV | 513 |

CCXVI | 514 |

CCXVII | 519 |

CCXIX | 522 |

CCXX | 524 |

CCXXII | 527 |

CCXXIII | 528 |

CCXXIV | 529 |

CCXXV | 531 |

CCXXVI | 533 |

CCXXVII | 535 |

CCXXVIII | 537 |

CCXXIX | 538 |

CCXXXI | 539 |

CCXXXII | 540 |

CCXXXIII | 542 |

CCXXXIV | 543 |

CCXXXV | 544 |

CCXXXVI | 546 |

CCXXXVII | 549 |

CCXXXVIII | 551 |

CCXL | 552 |

CCXLII | 555 |

CCXLIII | 556 |

CCXLV | 559 |

CCXLVI | 561 |

CCXLVII | 564 |

CCXLVIII | 565 |

CCXLIX | 567 |

CCLI | 568 |

CCLIII | 570 |

CCLIV | 573 |

CCLV | 575 |

CCLVI | 576 |

CCLVII | 577 |

CCLVIII | 581 |

CCLIX | 585 |

CCLX | 589 |

CCLXI | 598 |

CCLXII | 599 |

CCLXIII | 603 |

CCLXIV | 605 |

CCLXV | 606 |

CCLXVI | 607 |

CCLXVII | 608 |

CCLXIX | 609 |

635 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

absorption abundance acceleration angular momentum astrophysics atoms blackbody brightness cloud clusters collisions component constant cooling cosmic ray cosmological cosmological constant cross section curvature direction distance dust Earth electron elements emission emitted energy density epoch equation equilibrium expansion factor FIGURE flux formation frequency Galactic galaxies globular clusters grains gravitational helium Hubble constant hydrogen infrared initial interaction interstellar interstellar medium ionized ions luminosity magnetic field magnitude main sequence mass massive matter mean measured medium molecules motion nebula neutrinos neutron stars nuclear nuclei number density observed obtain orbital particle horizon particles photons planets polarization pressure PROBLEM pulsars quasars radiation radio radius ratio reactions red shift region relative relativistic rotation scale scattering Solar System space spectral spectrum speed of light star's stellar supernova surface temperature theory thermal transition unit Universe velocity wave wavelength white dwarf X-ray zero