The Nature of Mediterranean Europe: An Ecological History
This large volume draws on evidence from fieldwork, historical records, archaeology, pollen analysis and recent research in discussing the ecology of Mediterranean Europe from the past to the present day. Grove and Rackham provide clear explanations and discussions of different ecosystems, of ruined landscapes, climate fluctuations and vegetation change, the impact of fire, terracing, agriculture and man's changing subsistence strategies, of coastal erosion and deforestation. A highly readable book, packed full of information, which also assesses the pessimistic view that many people hold over the future of the landscape and environment.
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Present Climate and Weather
IO Vegetation in Prehistory
Natural Vegetation in Historic Times
Trees mithout Forests
Misfortune or Adaptation?
I4 Current Erosion and its Measurement
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agriculture alluvial Alpujarra ancient annual archaeological arid badlands Basilicata basin Bronze Age browsing burning burnt catchment cent century Chapter chestnut Cistus cliffs climate coast coppice cork-oak Cretan Crete crops cultivation deciduous deciduous oak decline dehesa delta deluges deposits desert desertification drought eroded erosion especially European evergreen evidence example fire floods forest France glacial Greece grow gullies Holocene human activity increased irrigation island Italy karst lagoon land landscape less limestone Little Ice Age live-oak maquis marls medieval Mediterranean metres mountains Neolithic olives pasture Peloponnese period phrygana pine pinewoods plain plants Pleistocene ploughed pollards pollen population Portugal prickly-oak Provence Rackham rain rainfall record river rocks Roman runoff Sardinia savanna sea-level sediment shrubs Sierra Sierra de Gádor silt slopes soil southern Europe Spain steppe terraces timber tion trees undershrubs valley vegetation villages vines west Crete winter wood woodland