Injured Honor: The Chesapeake-Leopard Affair, June 22, 1807
Spencer Tucker, Professor and Holder of the John Biggs Chair in Military History Spencer C Tucker, Frank Theodore Reuter
Naval Institute Press, 1996 - History - 268 pages
A brief naval engagement off Hampton Roads on June 22, 1807, between the U. S. frigate Chesapeake and the British two-decker Leopard over British deserters had lasting repercussions on U. S. diplomatic relations with Great Britain. This first comprehensive examination of the confrontation - a prelude to the War of 1812 - also demonstrates its profound influence on the fledgling U. S. Navy and on the careers of those involved. The authors recount the details of the incident, which involved the British warship's firing on the unprepared American frigate that resulted in fatalities, and then trace the evolution of a culture of mistrust and antagonism between the two nations that came to a head over British impressment. They describe the frenzied public reactions in both countries and carefully examine Thomas Jefferson's transatlantic diplomacy. This book successfully alloys an international cast of characters that includes James Madison, King George III, Lord Grenville, John Jay, Jefferson, and Napoleon with the personal stories of the American naval officers branded with the stigma of not fighting for their ship. The authors present a fascinating reconstruction of the naval inquiry into the affair, as well as an investigation of the controversial courts-martial of Commodore James Barron and other Chesapeake officers that bitterly divided the officer corps.
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ONE The Encounter
Two The Lion and the Eaglet
THREE Thomas Jefferson and a Changing World
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action Affair Allen American asked attack August Barron believed Berkeley boat Britain British called Capt Captain carried charge Chesapeake claimed clear command Commodore Congress considered continued Court Martial Court of Enquiry crew Decatur December deck demanded deserters Elliott England English Erskine February fire flag force foreign four France French frigate George Gordon gunboats guns Hall Hamilton Hampton Henry History Humphreys Ibid immediately impressment incident James January Jefferson John July June later Leopard letter Lieutenant London Madison March merchant Midshipman minister Monroe months naval neutral never Norfolk noted November October officers ordered peace ports prepare President quarters ready received refused remained replied reported Rodgers Royal Navy sailed seamen SecNav Secretary sent September ship Smith squadron taken Taylor Tazewell testimony Thomas told took trade treaty trial United vessels wanted warships Washington wrote