Transformation of the Muslim World in the 21st Century

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Muhammed Hüseyin Mercan
Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Mar 8, 2016 - Religion - 185 pages
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In addition to the important breaking points of the last century – such as the abolition of the Caliphate, the World Wars, the Cold War, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Iranian Revolution and the foundation of a ‘New World Order’ which directly affected Muslim societies – the new conjuncture formed in the wake of the 9/11 attacks brought about various structural problems and changes in the Muslim world. Political and economic developments in the last ten years in particular have brought many Muslim countries to the edge of crisis. Along with political, economic and social issues, the fact that modernisation and secularisation have become dominant in Muslim societies shows that the outcomes of these changes are of great importance. In this respect, this book offers a significant contribution to debates on the processes of change and transformation in the Muslim world. In addition to theoretical debates, the main dynamics of political and social change in Muslim societies are discussed here using specific examples from each country. As such, this volume will provide the reader with a practical understanding of the historical turning points in the Muslim world over recent years.

 

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Contents

Rethinking Islamism through Political
1
On the Concept of the Secular
15
Beyond Positivist Muslim Historiography
27
Liberal or Imperial?
49
IslamDemocracy Discourse in the TwentyFirst Century
63
The Arab Spring
85
Political Transformations in the Middle East
101
Challenges of Metamorphosis in the Greater Middle East
117
Democracy Development and the Dominant Discourse in Pakistan
131
Understanding Secularism in Bangladesh
145
Contributors
165
Index
169
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About the author (2016)

Muhammed Hüseyin Mercan is a doctoral candidate in Political Science and International Relations at Istanbul University and Research Assistant at the Department of Political Science and Public Administration at Erciyes University, Turkey. He received his BA from the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Marmara University, Turkey, and his MA from the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Yıldız Technical University, Turkey. His main areas of interest are Middle Eastern politics, Turkish foreign policy, Syrian foreign policy, Islamism and Islamic movements in the Middle East. He is the author of Syria: The Regime and Foreign Policy (in Turkish, 2012).

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