Origins of Anatomically Modern Humans
Doris V. Nitecki, Matthew H. Nitecki
Springer Science & Business Media, Nov 11, 2013 - Social Science - 341 pages
This volume is based on the Field Museum of Natural History Spring System atics Symposium held in Chicago on May 11, 1991. The financial support of Ray and Jean Auel and of the Field Museum is gratefully acknowledged. When we teach or write, we present only those elements that support our arguments. We avoid all weak points of our debate and all the uncer tainties of our models. Thus, we offer hypotheses as facts. Multiauthored books like ours, which simultaneously advocate and question diverse views, avoid the pitfalls and lessen the impact of indoctrination. In this volume we analyze the anthropological and biological disagreements and the positions taken on the origins of modern humans, point out difficultieswith the inter pretations, and suggest that the concept of the human origin can be explained only when we first attempt to define Homo sapiens sapiens. One of the major controversies in physical anthropology concerns the geographic origin of anatomically modern humans. It is undisputed, due to the extensive research of the Leakeys and their colleagues, that the family Hominidae originated in Africa, but the geographic origin of Homo sapiens sapiens is less concretely accepted. Two schools of thought existon this topic.
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Evidence from Africa
Species Concepts and Hybridization Zones
The Modern Synthesis and Regional Continuity
Southwest AsiaThe Biocultural Evidence
What Happened to the Western European Neandertals?
Behavioral and Cultural Changes at the Middle
The Significance of the Record
Applications of New mtDNA Techniques
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A. A. Balkema Acheulean anatomically modern humans archaeological archaic artifacts Asia Asian assemblages Aurignacian Bar-Yosef behavior Behavioural and Biological bifaces Biological Perspectives bone Border Cave Bräuer and F. H. C. B. Stringer Cann Châtelperronian cladistic Controversies in Homo cranial cultural early modern early Upper Paleolithic Edinburgh University Edinburgh University Press Emergence of Modern Eurasia Eve theory evolutionary F. H. Smith Farizy fauna flakes fossil record frontal gene flow genetic groups Grün hominid Homo erectus Homo sapiens Evolution human evolution industries Irhoud Jelinek Kebara Ksar Akil Late Pleistocene Levallois Levant Levantine lineages lithic Mellars Middle Paleolithic Middle Pleistocene mitochondrial DNA modern human origins morphological Mousterian mtDNA multiregional Neandertals Nitecki origin of anatomically Origins of Modern pattern Physical Anthropology Pleistocene hominids Qafzeh recent region sample sequence Skhul Soffer southern speciation species specimens Tabun tion transition Trinkaus Upper Paleolithic Upper Pleistocene Valladas Vandermeersch Vindija Wolpoff Zuttiyeh