The first in its field, this book is both an introduction to x-ray lasers and a how-to guide for specialists. It provides new entrants and others interested in the field with a comprehensive overview and describes useful examples of analysis and experiments as background and guidance for researchers undertaking new laser designs. In one succinct volume, X-Ray Lasers collects the knowledge and experience gained in two decades of x-ray laser development and conveys the exciting challenges and possibilities still to come._Add on for longer version of blurb_M>The reader is first introduced to the technical challenges unique to the design and operation of lasers in the "vacuum" region of the spectrum, where the atmosphere is highly absorbent and optics are--at best--unconventional. A discussion of the basic principles for and limitations in achieving significant x-ray amplification, as well as descriptions of gain measurement techniques and instrumentation follows. Various approaches for pumping media to x-ray gain conditions are also analyzed, and descriptions of experimental progress are included wherever possible. The book concludes with a description and comparison with alternate sources and applications for an x-ray laser._promo copy used by TJE_This work is both an introduction to x-ray lasers and a how-to guide for specialists. It provides new entrants and others interested in the field with a comprehensive overview and describes useful analyses and experiments as guidance for researchers undertaking new laser designs.
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Principles of Short Wavelength
Analysis Techniques for XRay Gain in Plasmas
Pumping Modes and Devices
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absorption amplification analysis Angstrom units Appl atoms autoionization cavity coherent collisional collisions cross-section crystal described in Section device discussed in Section Doppler Doppler broadened efficiency electron beam electron density electron-collisional excitation enhanced example excitation pumping experiments factor fluorescence free-electron frequency gain coefficient gain medium graser harmonic Hence innershell intensity ionization lasant laser beam laser transition laser wavelength lasing length measured medium mirrors mode Ne-like Ne-like ions nuclear opacity operation optical output parameter photoexcitation photoionization photon energy photoresist Phys Plasma Physics population density population inversion possible pulse pumping power pumping rate R. C. Elton radiation ratio recombination pumping resonance scaling scheme selenium shorter wavelengths shown in Fig soft x-ray spectral line spectral region stimulated emission synchrotron Table target technique temperature tion transverse tunable typical upper upper-laser vacuum-uv velocity width wiggler x-ray laser x-ray region z-pinch zone plate