Candi, Space and Landscape: A Study on the Distribution, Orientation and Spatial Organization of Central Javanese Temple Remains
Central Javanese temples were not built anywhere and anyhow. On the contrary: their positions within the landscape and their architectural designs were determined by socio-cultural, religious and economic factors. This book explores the correlations between temple distribution, natural surroundings and architectural design to understand how Central Javanese people structured the space around them, and how the religious landscape thus created, developed. Besides questions related to territory and landscape, Degroot's book analyzes the structure of the built space and its possible relations with conceptualized space, showing the influence of imported Indian concepts, as well as their limits. Going off the beaten track, this book explores the hundreds of small sites that scatter the landscape of Central Java. It is also one of very few studies to apply the methods of spatial archaeology to Central Javanese temples and the first in almost a century to present a descriptive inventory of the remains of this region.
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Administrative localization archaeological architecture base Borobudur Bosch Boyolali brick Buddhist building Candi cella Central Java Central Javanese temples centre compound courtyard Description Dieng Dieng plateau East Java eastern enclosure wall facing west flat ground Gaeśa Gedong Songo Geographical localization Gunung Kidul Gunung Wukir Hindu Hindu-Buddhist Hoepermans IJzerman inscription inventory Jonggrang kabupaten Kalasan kali Klaten Krom Laporan lingga located lower middle land Lumbung Magelang Main features main temple Mendut Mount Merapi Mount Sumbing Mount Ungaran Muntilan nāga Ngawen northern ȱ ȱ ȱ orientation pendopo Plaosan Lor Prambanan Precision preservation Progo valley Ratu Ratu Boko Religion River Sambisari sculptures secondary shrines Sejarah dan Purbakala Semarang Sewu Single temple Sleman slope of Mount Sojiwan southern staggered square structure stūpa Surroundings Temanggung temple body temple remains temple stones terrace Tjahjono torus Unknown upper middle land Verbeek village visible remains western side Wisseman Christie Yogyakarta yoni