The Exclusion of Black Soldiers from the Medal of Honor in World War II: The Study Commissioned by the United States Army to Investigate Racial Bias in the Awarding of the Nation's Highest Military Decoration

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Elliott Vanveltner Converse
McFarland, Jan 1, 1997 - History - 200 pages
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The purpose of this study, commissioned by the Army, was to document the process by which the Congressional Medal of Honor was awarded from December 7, 1941, through September 1, 1948; to identify units in which African Americans served; to identify by name all black soldiers whose names were submitted for the medal and to document any errors in the processing of their nominations; and to compile a list of all black soldiers who received the Distinguished Service Cross, the second highest award. Based on this work, in January 1997 President Clinton awarded seven African Americans the Medal of Honor.
The authors were selected by Shaw University of Raleigh, North Carolina, to conduct this study under a United States Army contract.

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My Name is Theodore A. Lavizzo Jr., my grandfather was a First Lieutenant in the 320th Ballon Battalion. I have actual commendation letters for the Bronze Star, letters from The Supreme Commander and Dwight D. Eisenhower. I would
like to add my grandfather Theophile F. Lavizzo to your information.


Medal of Honor Award Policies and Practices 194148
Valor Awards to Black Soldiers in the European
Valor Awards to Black Soldiers and Airmen in
Valor Awards to Black Soldiers in the Pacific
Black Recipients of the Distinguished Service

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