St. Louis: Disappearing Black Communities
Since the founding of St. Louis, African Americans have lived in communities throughout the area. Although St. Louis' 1916 "Segregation of the Negro Ordinance" was ruled unconstitutional, African Americans were restricted to certain areas through real estate practices such as steering and red lining. Through legal efforts in the court cases of Shelley v. Kraemer in 1948, Jones v. Mayer in 1978, and others, more housing options became available and the population dispersed. Many of the communities began to decline, disappear, or experience urban renewal.
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African American community Avenue Barbara Gill black community Boulevard Breckenridge Hills Brentwood Bridgeton building built Carondelet cemetery Clayton Club 44 Colored School Compton Hill construction Corinthian Missionary Baptist cotored courtesy of Garnet courtesy of Georgia courtesy of John courtesy of Pricilla Delaney Doris Frazier Dorothy Squires Early downtown St early residents enslaved Ferguson Ferguson-Florissant School District Flyer courtesy Frankie Georgia Rusan GROCERY high school housing htock James Brown Joe Cole LaSalle United Methodist left to right Leibea Gates located Louis Public School Mary and Leibea Mercantile Library Midwest Jesuit Archives Missionary Baptist Church Missouri Moses Dickson moved named number of African opened organized Pagedale pastor Photo courtesy pictured Pricilla Utley Prospect Hill Public School Archives purchased Reverend Richmond Heights Road Robert Carter Robertson school board segregation served Turner Elementary School U.S. Supreme Court United Methodist Church West Westland Acres William Wright