Models: Representation and the Scientific Understanding
Marx Wartofsky has been working for many years within an unusual confluence of philosophical problems. He brings to these intersecting problems his comprehensive intelligence, at once imaginative and rigorous, analytic and historical. He is a philosopher's philosopher, but also Everyman's. Wartofsky is philosopher of the natural and the social sciences, of perception, esthetics and the creative arts, of the 18th century French and the 19th century Germans, of politics and morality, ofthe methods and morals of medicine, and it is plain, of all human existence. To a colleague, he seems Jack-of-all-philosophical-trades, and master of them too. The reader soon will learn that Wartofsky is a genial, lucid and relaxed philosophical companion, deeply serious but without noticeable anxiety. I need not highlight these selected epistemological papers gathered as, and about, Models, since Wartofsky's own introductory remarks are helpful and stimulating in that respect. I need only, after 21 years of friendship and collaboration with him, warn the reader to beware of how profound and provocative these papers will show themselves to be beneath their good-humored and swiftly-flowing surface. And I must publicly note the pleasure with which I welcome Marx Wartofsky's volume to our Boston Studies. Boston University R.S.C. Center for the Philosophy and History of Science September 1979 vii TABLE OF CONTENTS EDITORIAL PREFACE VII xi AC K NOWLEDGEMENTS xiii INTRODUCTION The Model Muddle: Proposals for an Immodest Realism 1.
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Proposals for an Immodest Realism
Models Metaphysics and the Vagaries of Empiricism
Metaphysics as Heuristic for Science 1965
Matter Action and Interaction 1973
Towards a Critical Materialism 1971
The Relation Between Philosophy of Science and History
Models as Modes of Action 1968
The Virtues of Constancy
Spinozas Construction of
Motive and Method
Humes Concept of Identity and the Principium
Diderot and the Development of Materialist Monism
Conflicting Models of Education?
Art as Humanizing Praxis 1976
Pictures Representation and the Understanding 1972
abstract activity Agassi alternative animal argue argument artifacts becomes body characterization claim cognitive conceived concepts consciousness constancy constitute construction context critical critique Descartes developmental psychology Diderot distinction effect ellipse entities epistemology existence external formal framework function genesis genetic geometrical optics heuristic history of science human action Hume Hume's ideas identity imagination individual infinite insofar interaction interpretation knowledge language Leibniz linear perspective logical materialism materialist matter Maupertuis means mechanical metaphysics mind molecule monad monism motion nature norm object ontological organism perception perceptual constancy perspective phenomena philosophy of perception philosophy of science physical Piaget Popper practice praxis problem production propose psychology qualitative question rational reduction relation representation scientific theory sense shape simply social species Spinoza structure substance systematic teleological theoretical thesis things thought tilted circle transformation truth understanding unity universe vision visual visual perception Wartofsky