Diaspora entrepreneurial networks: four centuries of history
Diasporas large-scale ethnic migrations have been a source of growing concern as we try to understand the nature of community, identity and nationalism. Traditionally, diaspora communities have been understood to be pariah communities, and most work on diasporas has focused on specific groups such as the Jewish or African Diaspora. This book is unique in arguing against traditional interpretations and in taking a comparative look at a range of diasporas, including the Jewish, Arab, Chinese, Japanese, Indian, Maltese, Greek and Armenian diasporas. Taking the past four centuries into consideration, the authors examine diaspora trading networks across the globe on both a regional and international level. They investigate the common patterns and practices in the enterprises of diaspora peoples and entrepreneurs. The regions covered include Western Europe, the Mediterranean, South West Asia and the Indian Ocean, and South East Asia. Global networks of diaspora trading groups were crucial to international trade well before the twentieth century, yet because they were not part of established institutions they have remained elusive to economists, sociologists and historians. Through an understanding of diaspora trading networks, we learn not only about diaspora communities but also about the roots of the modern global economy.
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Diaspora in Early Modern Eurasian Trade
The Armenians and their
Armenians in India
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activities Amsterdam Arab Armenian diaspora Asian Athens Baghdadi Jews Baghdiantz McCabe Balkan banking house Batavia became Bengal British Broeze Cambridge capital cent centre China Chiot Christian colonial commercial companies corporate cultural developed Dutch early modern East economic eighteenth century elite English entrepreneurial networks established ethnic Europe European example export firms foreign global Greek diaspora Greek merchants groups Hadhrami Harlaftis History homeland Hong Kong host country Hughli important India Indonesia institutional investment involved Ionian Iran island Japan Japanese Java Jewish bankers Julfa London Maclaine Malta Maltese maritime mercantile migration Muslims nineteenth century Notarile operations opium organization Ottoman Empire overseas Parsees Parsis political Portuguese role Rothschilds Safavid Sassoon Sephardic Sephardim seventeenth century Shanghai shipowners ships silk Singapore sixteenth social society Southeast Asia Spain strategy Studies trade diaspora trading networks traditional twentieth century University Press Venetian Venice Wajid Western World Zante