Foreign Affairs: Status of U.S. Parental Child Abductions to Germany, Switzerland, and Austria
DIANE Publishing, Aug 1, 2000 - 53 pages
About 1,000 children are abducted by one of their parents from the U.S. annually. Pursuant to the 1980 Hague Conv. on the Civil Aspects of Internat. Child Abduction, left-behind parents can apply for the return of, or access to (visitation) their children located in the countries that are parties to the Convention with the foreign country's gov't. The Convention governs how these applications are handled & adjudicated in the foreign country where the child is located. Several countries, including Germany, Austria, & Sweden, have not met their commitments under this Convention. This report includes info. on the outcome of cases initiated by parents left behind in the U.S. from Jan. Ô95-May Ô00.
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abducting parent Abduction Cases Involving Abductions to Germany Adjudicating allows a Hague Appendix Application for Return Austrian court Briefing Section Child Custody Child not returned child returned child was returned child's habitual residence Children's Issues closed cases Child Consular Affairs courts denied return courts ruled custody rights Department case files diplomatic note documents enforcement established expose the child foreign country GAO analysis GAP Accountability German central authority grave risk Hague Convention party Integrity International Child Abduction international parental child Involving Austria Involving Germany Involving Sweden IPCA judicial review left-behind parent sought Left-behind parent withdrew located median duration OCI's Office of Children's open q Left-behind opened from January Parental Child Abduction Parentally Abducted party country pattern noncompliance Processing of Hague psychological harm q The Convention removal or retention return or visitation return order return would expose seeking return State's files Swedish courts terms of visitation U.S. Parental Child
Page 15 - ... there is a grave risk that his or her return would expose the child to physical or psychological harm or otherwise place the child in an intolerable situation.
Page 9 - VI of this report. We are sending copies of this report to interested congressional committees; the Secretary of Defense; the Secretary of the Navy; and the Director, Office of Management and Budget.
Page 3 - States, or to retain a child outside the United States with the intent to obstruct the lawful exercise of parental rights.
Page 10 - Sincerely yours, Jess T. Ford Associate Director International Relations and Trade Issues...
Page 8 - SEC officials provided written comments on a draft of this report (see app. II).
Page 44 - The goal of the 1980 Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction is to protect children from the harmful effects of wrongful removal or retention.
Page 15 - ... body having rights of custody has acquiesced in the removal or retention; or (b) the child has resided in that other Member State for a period of at least one year after the person, institution or other body having rights of custody has had or should have had knowledge of the whereabouts of the child and the child is settled in his or her new environment and at least one of the following conditions is met: (i) within one year after the holder of rights of custody has had or should have had knowledge...